TITLE

Diaphragm strength in acute systemic lupus erythematosus in a patient with paradoxical abdominal motion and reduced lung volumes

AUTHOR(S)
Hawkins, P.; Davison, A. G.; Dasgupta, B.; Moxham, J.
PUB. DATE
April 2001
SOURCE
Thorax;Apr2001, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p329
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Diaphragmatic weakness is reported as a common feature of the shrinking lung syndrome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, in chronic stable SLE it has been shown that, despite poor performance of voluntary tests of diaphragm strength, twitch pressures obtained by stimulating the phrenic nerves are normal. We present a patient with acute SLE and pulmonary involvement who, despite having paradoxical abdominal motion and low maximal inspiratory pressures during voluntary manoeuvres, had normal diaphragm strength when assessed with magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerves. Following immunosuppressive therapy symptoms and lung function improved, yet diaphragm contractility remained normal and unchanged. We suggest that this case supports the view that reduced diaphragm muscle contractility per se does not explain the small volume lungs and respiratory symptoms in patients with acute SLE.
ACCESSION #
13122900

 

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