CDC Grand Rounds: Improving Medication Adherence for Chronic Disease Management - Innovations and Opportunities

Neiman, Andrea B.; Ruppar, Todd; Ho, Michael; Garber, Larry; Weidle, Paul J.; Hong, Yuling; George, Mary G.; Thorpe, Phoebe G.
November 2017
MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;11/17/2017, Vol. 66 Issue 45, p1248
journal article
Adherence to prescribed medications is associated with improved clinical outcomes for chronic disease management and reduced mortality from chronic conditions (1). Conversely, nonadherence is associated with higher rates of hospital admissions, suboptimal health outcomes, increased morbidity and mortality, and increased health care costs (2). In the United States, 3.8 billion prescriptions are written annually (3). Approximately one in five new prescriptions are never filled, and among those filled, approximately 50% are taken incorrectly, particularly with regard to timing, dosage, frequency, and duration (4). Whereas rates of nonadherence across the United States have remained relatively stable, direct health care costs associated with nonadherence have grown to approximately $100-$300 billion of U.S. health care dollars spent annually (5,6). Improving medication adherence is a public health priority and could reduce the economic and health burdens of many diseases and chronic conditions (7).


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