Overproduction of Outer Membrane Protein A by Acinetobacter baumannii as a Risk Factor for Nosocomial Pneumonia, Bacteremia, and Mortality Rate Increase

March 2017
Journal of Infectious Diseases;3/15/2017, Vol. 215 Issue 6, p966
Academic Journal
journal article
Background: Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) is a porin involved in Acinetobacter baumannii pathogenesis. However, OmpA clinical implication in hospital-acquired infections remains unknown. We aimed to determine whether OmpA overproduction was a risk factor associated with pneumonia, bacteremia, and mortality.Methods: We analyzed demographic, microbiological, and clinical data from 100 patients included in a unicenter cohort and 246 included in a unicenter cohort and a multicenter cohort. Representative isolates were classified into 2 groups: (1) isolates from patients colonized by A. baumannii (16 from the unicenter and 20 from the multicenter cohort) and (2) isolates from bacteremic or nonbacteremic patients with pneumonia (PP) caused by A. baumannii (13 from the unicenter and 23 from the multicenter cohort) Expression of ompA was determined with quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction.Results: Isolates from PP overexpressed more ompA than those from colonized patients from the unicenter (ratio, 1.76 vs 0.36; P < .001) and the multicenter (1.36 vs 0.91; P = .03) cohorts. Among isolates from PP, those from bacteremic patients overexpressed nonsignificantly more ompA than those from nonbacteremic patients in the unicenter (ratio, 2.37 vs 1.43; P = .06) and the multicenter (2.03 vs 0.91; P = .14) cohorts. Multivariate analysis in both cohorts together showed ompA overexpression as independent risk factor for pneumonia (P < .001), bacteremia (P = .005), and death (P = .049).Conclusions: These data suggest that ompA overexpression is an associated factor for pneumonia, bacteremia, and death due to A. baumannii.


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