Effect of Restoring Carious Teeth on Occlusal Bite Force in Children

Subramaniam, P; Girish Babu, K L; Ifzah
October 2016
Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry;2016, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p297
Academic Journal
journal article
Background: Bite force is one of the components of masticatory function. Poor dental health impacts on quality of life as a whole due to a number of different elements, dental caries being one of them. Functional impairment is a negative sequel of caries.Aim: to assess the impact of comprehensive dental treatment on occlusal bite forces in children.Study Design: The sample comprised of forty children of both genders, aged 6-9 years, with dental caries in primary molars. Occlusal bite force was recorded using a hydraulic occlusal force gauge, in the region of primary molars before and following the restorations in primary molars. The obtained data was subjected to statistical analysis.Results: Children with caries in all quadrants showed a significant increase in mean maximum bite force following restoration of their decayed teeth. In children with unilateral caries, either on right or left sides, a similar increase in occlusal bite force was seen in relation to the teeth that were restored. The contralateral sound teeth in these groups also showed an improvement in bite force.Conclusion: The mean occlusal bite force was seen to increase significantly following dental restoration of primary teeth.


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