TITLE

Non-fatal self-poisoning in Sri Lanka: associated triggers and motivations

AUTHOR(S)
Rajapakse, Thilini; Griffiths, Kathleen Margaret; Christensen, Helen; Cotton, Sue
PUB. DATE
November 2015
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;11/24/2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Background: Attempted or non-fatal self-poisoning is common in Sri Lanka. To date, most preventive strategies have focused on limitation of access to toxic pesticides, which has reduced the rates of fatal self-poisoning. However the ongoing phenomenon of non-fatal self-poisoning indicates the need for exploration of alternate preventive strategies. Self-poisoning in Sri Lanka has been described as impulsive, with little premeditation, but the motivations associated with this act have not been studied in depth. This research describes the triggers and motivations associated with non-fatal self-poisoning in Sri Lanka. It is anticipated that the findings would help guide future preventive strategies.Methods: Two studies were carried out, at Teaching Hospital Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, each using a different methodology - Study 1 consisted of qualitative semi-structured interviews, and Study 2 was a cross sectional survey. Both studies were conducted among those who had recently attempted self-poisoning, and explored associated triggers and motivations associated with the act of self-poisoning. There was no overlap between participants of the two studies.Results: A total of 24 persons participated in the semi-structured interviews (Study 1), and 921 took part in the cross-sectional survey (Study 2). Interpersonal conflict was the most common trigger prior to the act of non-fatal self-poisoning. A mixture of motivations was associated with the act of self-poisoning, including intent to die, to escape, and difficulty tolerating distress associated with interpersonal conflict.Conclusions: Development of interpersonal skills and interpersonal problem solving skills, particularly in adolescents and young people, emerges as a key primary preventive strategy. Further, there is value in exploring and helping people to develop more adaptive strategies to cope with emotional distress associated with interpersonal conflict. While distress tolerance and interpersonal skill training strategies used in the West may be considered, it is also important to adapt and develop strategies suited to the local cultural background. Further research is needed to develop and evaluate such strategies, and findings may have implications not only to Sri Lanka but also for other countries in South Asia.
ACCESSION #
111204351

 

Related Articles

  • Coping with conflict. Humphrey, Patricia L. // Winner;Mar98, Vol. 41 Issue 7, p6 

    Provides information on how to solve conflict peacefully. Several situations illustrating a problem or disagreement between two or more people; Different ways to handle conflict; Thought questions and activity on handling conflicts.

  • eliminating intergroup conflicts...through interdepartmental problem solving. Brooker, W. Michael A. // Advanced Management Journal (03621863);Spring75, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p16 

    Focuses on the use of intergroup problem solving to eliminate intergroup conflicts within a business organization. Information on the organizational phases of intergroup problem solving; Importance of information sharing; Steps in conducting an intergroup problem-solving meeting.

  • Characteristics of non-fatal self-poisoning in Sri Lanka: a systematic review. Rajapakse, Thilini; Griffiths, Kathleen Margaret; Christensen, Helen // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The rate of non-fatal self-poisoning in Sri Lanka has increased in recent years, with associated morbidity and economic cost to the country. This review examines the published literature for the characteristics and factors associated with non-fatal self-poisoning in Sri Lanka....

  • Management of deliberate self poisoning in adults in four... Kapur, Navneet; House, Allan; Creed, Francis; Feldman, Eleanor; Friedman, Trevor; Guthrie, Elspeth // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);03/14/98, Vol. 316 Issue 7134, p831 

    Assesses the services for management of self poisoning cases in four teaching hospitals in Great Britain. Average rate of self poisoning patients; Implications of the findings.

  • A Changing Vision of Education. Carlsson-Paige, Nancy; Lantieri, Linda // Reclaiming Children & Youth;Summer2005, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p97 

    Young people are growing up at a time when issues of domestic and international conflict and a myriad of problems are increasingly intertwined. What is the role of schools in preparing students to resolve conflicts peaceably, rather than resorting to threats of retaliatory violent action? This...

  • STEPPING INTO THE NEW MILLENNIUM: AUSTRALIA AS PEACEMAKER. McRae, Jill F. Kealey // Social Alternatives;Jul96, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p21 

    The article presents the author's views on establishing an Australian Foundation of International Mediation to prevent the escalation of disputes, to defuse crises and to resolve conflicts by initiating on-going, pro-active mediation. The author believes that the foundation will maintain the...

  • Choosing conflict resolution by culture. SADRI, GOLNAZ // Industrial Management;Sep/Oct2013, Vol. 55 Issue 5, p10 

    The article discusses the significant use of various approaches with culture to resolve conflict. The author provides definition of conflict and conflict resolution and tackles the three desirable outcomes from an effectively managed conflict. He talks about the five different orientations to...

  • Techniques for handling an angry teammate. Adkins, Ben // Fort Worth Business Press;3/19/2004, Vol. 17 Issue 12, p16 

    Offers tips on handling an angry teammate. Importance of listening to the issue; Way to handle if the teammate becomes abusive or threatening; Things to do if the issue is not settled between the two parties involved.

  • RESOLVE CONFLICT.  // Managing People at Work;Aug2009, Issue 329, p8 

    The article advices on how to resolve conflicts in the work to prevent intensification of problem in the U.S. The author notes that conflicts could be resolved through fight or amicable settlement, which levelheadedness rule to prevent further damage. He suggests to hear all sides of the story...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics