Polyvocality and the Personae of Blackness in Early Nineteenth-Century Slavery Discourse: The Counter Memorial against African Colonization, 1816

Stillion Southard, Bjørn F.
June 2012
Rhetoric & Public Affairs;Summer2012, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p235
Academic Journal
The American Colonization Society emerged at a time when some Americans believed that a "moderate" solution to the problem of slavery could be achieved by removing free blacks to Africa. Upon announcing its formation in 1816, the society received a public rejoinder: the Counter Memorial against African Colonization. This essay explores multiple interpretations of the Counter Memorial to demonstrate the instability of colonizationists' moderate rhetorical position. More specifically, this essay argues that the Counter Memorial suspends colonization within the uneasy and unresolved tensions manifested by competing depictions of blackness, or black personae, in American public discourse at the time.


Related Articles

  • `The love of liberty brought us here': Virginians and the colonization of Liberia. Shepard, E. Lee; Pollard, Frances S. // Virginia Magazine of History & Biography;1994, Vol. 102 Issue 1, p89 

    Focuses on the colonization of Liberia by African-Americans during the Revolutionary War. Prominent role of Virginians in the colonization movement; Fight for public recognition by black colonists; Challenges faced by the colonists.

  • The Institution of Slavery in New York.  // New York Amsterdam News;10/6/2005, Vol. 96 Issue 41, special section p11 

    This article focuses on the history of slavery in New York City during the colonial period. One day in the 1620s, a Dutch ship captured a Portuguese or Spanish vessel that carried a number of African crew members. Africans sometimes worked on European ships, and Europeans sometimes seized each...

  • Legacies of community and history in Paule Marshall's Daughters. Pettis, Joyce // Studies in the Literary Imagination;Fall93, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p89 

    Examines Paule Marshall's fiction `Daughters' to explore the thematic development of cultural resistance to colonialization and slavery in Caribbean and African-American communities.

  • Remembering Africa Under the Eaves. Bankoff, H. Arthur; Ricciardi, Christopher; Loorya, Alyssa // Archaeology;May/Jun2001, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p36 

    Explores the life of African slaves in a farmhouse owned by the Lott family in Brooklyn, New York City in the early 19th century. Archives owned by the Africans which were discovered by archaeologists; Historical information on the abolishment and equality movements in New York; Religious...

  • Against Wind and Tide: The African American Struggle against the Colonization Movement. Rommel-Ruiz, W. Bryan // Journal of American History;Sep2015, Vol. 102 Issue 2, p550 

    No abstract available.

  • The Price of Liberty: African Americans & the Making of Liberia Sinha, Manisha // Georgia Historical Quarterly;Summer2005, Vol. 89 Issue 2, p256 

    Reviews the book "The Price of Liberty: African Americans and the Making of Liberia," by Claude A. Clegg III.

  • 8-year-old Mary.  // New York Amsterdam News;10/6/2005, Vol. 96 Issue 41, special section p8 

    This article profiles 8-year-old African American slave named Mary. Mary was an eight-year-old Afro-American girl on a ship in New York harbor. She was about to be taken to the South and sold into slavery. Just a few days earlier, she had been living in Poughkeepsie, a city about 70 miles north...

  • The enigma of arrival: The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands. Paquet, Sandra Pouchet // African American Review;Winter92, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p651 

    Discusses how the book `The Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands,' reflects an acceptance of colonialism of the Caribbean Area in the aftermath of slavery. Desire to shape a life of personal, social and cultural significance beyond Jamaica; Psychology of migration and colonialism;...

  • IN SEARCH OF INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FOR AFRICAN COLONIZATION: MARTIN R. DELANY'S VISIT TO ENGLAND, 1860. Blackett, Richard // Canadian Journal of History;Dec75, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p307 

    Focuses on the efforts of Martin R. Delany and Robert Campbell to secure British aid for colonization of blacks in West Africa during the 1850. Impact of activities on anti-slavery movements in Great Britain and the U.S.; Promotion of African cotton; Formation of African Aid Society.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics