TITLE

Muriel Rukeyser Goes to War: Pragmatism, Pluralism, and the Politics of Ekphrasis

AUTHOR(S)
Allison, Raphael C.
PUB. DATE
April 2006
SOURCE
College Literature;Spring2006, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Essay
ABSTRACT
Muriel Rukeyser is often regarded as a poet of the 1930s literary left. As this essay argues however, Rukeyser underwent a transformation during the 1940s from a proletarian into a pragmatist committed to pluralist values necessary for confronting totalitarianism abroad. Ultimately, this commitment to pluralism and multiple perspectives led to her use of ekphrasis (poetry descriptive of visual art), which is itself a "pluralist" form that incorporates both language and visual imagery. Part of this wartime transformation was derived from her readings of John Dewey, William James, and the nineteenth-century chemist Willard Gibbs. Another part of this shift grew out of her work developing war-posters at the Office of War Information, President Roosevelt's World War II propaganda agency. Both Gibbs's theories of multiple perspectives and the war-poster itself suggested a formal pluralism opposed to fascist unity. This new perspective is most evident in her major war poem "Ajanta" (1944).
ACCESSION #
20780996

 

Related Articles

  • Muriel Rukeyser Goes to War: Pragmatism, Pluralism, and the Politics of Ekphrasis. Allison, Raphael C. // College Literature;Spring2006, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p1 

    Muriel Rukeyser is often regarded as a poet of the 1930s literary left. As this essay argues however, Rukeyser underwent a transformation during the 1940s from a proletarian into a pragmatist committed to pluralist values necessary for confronting totalitarianism abroad. Ultimately, this...

  • EKPHRASIS, ecphrasis (Gr. "description," pl. ekphraseis). W.H.R. // New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry & Poetics;1993, p320 

    The article presents a definition of the term EKPHRASIS. E. first appears in rhet. writings attributed to Dionysius of Halicarnassus (Rhetoric 10.17). Later it becomes a school exercise, where it is defined as "an expository speech which vividly (enargōs) brings the subject before our eyes"...

  • 'Pregnant images of life': Visual Art and Representation in Arcadia and The Faerie Queene. Howe, Sarah // Cambridge Quarterly;2005, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p33 

    Considers the treatment of the literary depiction of works of visual arts or ekphrasis in the poems "Arcadia" and "The Faerie Queene." Poet's ability to paint verbal pictures in Sidney's "Defense"; Depictions of artistic and architectural artefact in "The Faerie Queene"; Portrayal of art in...

  • Paul Durcan's Ekphrasis: The Political Aesthetics of Hybridity. Kim, Yeonmin // Irish University Review;Nov2014, Vol. 44 Issue 2, p381 

    An ekphrasis refers to a poem in which works of visual art serve as the basis for poetic creation. In discussing two collections of ekphrases, Crazy About Women and Give Me Your Hand, this essay illuminates the manner in which Durcan politically appropriates hybridity in terms of the temporal...

  • EKPHRASIS. STARR, G. G. // Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry & Poetics 4th Edition;6/2/2012, p393 

    A definition of the term "ekphrasis" is presented. It refers to the description of a work of visual art in poetry, historiography, romance, and novels. Ekphrasis is associated with particular styles and forms of poetry particularly in memorizing a speech. It notes that the poetic representation...

  • Re-membering the figure: the ekphrasis of J. J. Winckelmann. Carroll, Khadija Z. // Word & Image;Jul-Sep2005, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p261 

    The article critically appraise the literary work by Johann Joachim Winckelmann. The time of empiricism and progress in which Winckelmann contributed to the formation of art history also bore the revival of the ancient descriptive mode, ekphrasis. The metaphors of knowledge associated with...

  • ENARGEIA (Gr. arges, "bright"; Lat. evidentia, inlustratio, repraesentatio). R.H.W.; P.W. // New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry & Poetics;1993, p332 

    This article presents a definition of the term ENARGEIA. ENARGEIA (Gr. arges, "bright"; Lat. evidentia, inlustratio, repraesentatio) or "vividness" is defined in Cl. rhetorical treatises as a quality which appeals to the listener's senses, principally that of sight. In the Progymnasmata (school...

  • Ekphrasis as a shield: ekphrasis and the mimetic tradition. Bram, Shahar // Word & Image;Oct-Dec2006, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p372 

    The article explores the concept of ekphrasis in many fictions. The term 'ekphrasis' has already been observed in interart studies recently. The author discusses the classical and modern interpretation of the term. He intends to show that the understanding of 'art as mimesis' establishes the...

  • James Schuyler's Epistolary Poetry: Things, Postcards, Ekphrasis. Katz, Daniel // Journal of Modern Literature;Fall2010, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p143 

    The critical reception of James Schuyler has emphasized his "descriptive exactness," "precision of detail" and embrace of what is everyday and ordinary: elements seen as elaborating a new relationship to "things as they are" and to objects generally. This essay shows how such aspects are...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics