TITLE

Deuteronomy in the Matthean and Lucan Temptation in Light of Early Jewish Antidemonic Tradition

AUTHOR(S)
MORRIS, MICHAEL
PUB. DATE
April 2016
SOURCE
Catholic Biblical Quarterly;Apr2016, Vol. 78 Issue 2, p290
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Essay
ABSTRACT
An ancient antidemonic technique called "apotropaism" is a preventative measure in which a petition or incantation ensures protection from future demonic harm. When examining demonological features in the Synoptic Gospels alongside early Jewish apotropaic tradition, one instance that is given attention is the use of quotations from Deuteronomy by Jesus in the Matthean and Lucan temptations (Matt 4:1-11; Luke 4:1-13). Several scholars point out that Jesus' reliance on Deuteronomy in the context of satanic confrontation is similar to the apotropaic effect of torah observance in the Damascus Document. References to this parallel, however, are brief. Neither a substantive analysis of the relationship between the Deuteronomy expressions and early Jewish apotropaism nor a discussion of how apotropaic elements impact broader issues of Synoptic Gospel demonology has been offered. Therefore, in this essay I measure features of the temptation in the double tradition against early Jewish apotropaism, while taking into account the larger demonologies and portrayals of Jesus in Matthew and Luke. The result is a deeper reflection on the Deuteronomy quotations in the temptation in light of Second Temple antidemonic tradition.
ACCESSION #
114260725

 

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