Interaction between luminal bacteria and innate immunity

Munakata, Akihiro; Ishiguro, Yoh
February 2003
Journal of Gastroenterology;2003, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p200
Academic Journal
Editorial. Comments on the interaction between innate immunity and luminal bacteria. Key issues of interest; Analysis of pertinent topics and relevant issues; Implications on gastroenterology.


Related Articles

  • Presence of Bacteria and Innate Immunity of Intestinal Epithelium in Childhood Celiac Disease. Forsberg, Göte; Fahlgren, Anna; Hörstedt, Per; Hammarström, Sten; Hernell, Olle; Hammarström, Marie-Louise // American Journal of Gastroenterology;May2004, Vol. 99 Issue 5, p894 

    OBJECTIVES: Exposure to gliadin and related prolamins and appropriate HLA-DQ haplotype are necessary but not sufficient for contracting celiac disease (CD). Aberrant innate immune reactions could be contributing risk factors. Therefore, jejunal biopsies were screened for bacteria and the innate...

  • The maternal transfer of bacteria can mediate trans-generational immune priming in insects. Freitak, Dalial; Schmidtberg, Henrike; Dickel, Franziska; Lochnit, Günther; Vogel, Heiko; Vilcinskas, Andreas // Virulence;5/15/2014, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p547 

    Parents invest in their offspring by preparing them for defense against pathogens and parasites that only the parents have encountered, a phenomenon known as trans-generational immune priming. We investigated the underlying mechanism using the established lepidopteran model host Galleria...

  • A NET outcome. Thea Lu; Kobayashi, Scott D.; Quinn, Mark T.; DeLeo, Frank R. // Frontiers in Immunology;Dec2012, Vol. 3, p1 

    Neutrophils constitute a critical part of innate immunity and are well known for their ability to phagocytose and kill invading microorganisms. The microbicidal processes employed by neutrophils are highly effective at killing most ingested bacteria and fungi. However, an alternative...

  • Inferences, questions and possibilities in Toll-like receptor signalling. Beutler, Bruce // Nature;7/8/2004, Vol. 430 Issue 6996, p257 

    The Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the key proteins that allow mammals - whether immunologically naive or experienced - to detect microbes. They lie at the core of our inherited resistance to disease, initiating most of the phenomena that occur in the course of infection. Quasi-infectious...

  • GUT INSTINCTS. Enis, Matthew // SN: Supermarket News;3/23/2009, Vol. 57 Issue 12, p15 

    The article reports that the probiotic enhancements are seeing an increased interest as shoppers become more aware of their benefits. Researchers are studying bacteria believed to have specific, beneficial relationships with hosts and help them in improving resistance and controlling allergies....

  • High frequency of polymorphism Arg753Gln of the Toll-like receptor-2 gene detected by a novel allele-specific PCR. Schröder, Nicolas W. J.; Hermann, Corinna; Hamann, Lutz; Göbel, Ulf B.; Hartung, Thomas; Schumann, Ralf R. // Journal of Molecular Medicine;Jun2003, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p368 

    The recently described family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) plays a major role in innate immunity by mediating inflammatory reactions against a wide array of pathogens. TLR-2 is reported to interact with various bacterial partial structures including lipoproteins, peptidoglycan, and lipoteichoic...

  • Of Men Not Mice: Bactericidal/Permeability-Increasing Protein Expressed in Human Macrophages Acts as a Phagocytic Receptor and Modulates Entry and Replication of Gram-Negative Bacteria. Balakrishnan, Arjun; Schnare, Markus; Chakravortty, Dipshikha // Frontiers in Immunology;10/24/2016, Vol. 7, p1 

    Macrophages as immune cells prevent the spreading of pathogens by means of active phagocytosis and killing. We report here the presence of an antimicrobial protein, bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) in human macrophages, which actively participates in engulfment and killing of...

  • Eradication of the commensal intestinal microflora by oral antimicrobials interferes with the host response to lipopolysaccharide. Umenai, T.; Hirai, H.; Shime, N.; Nakaya, T.; Asahara, T.; Nomoto, K.; Kita, M.; Tanaka, Y.; Imanishi, J. // European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases;Jun2010, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p633 

    The host components and commensal microorganisms of the intestinal microenvironment play roles in the development and maintenance of the host defence. Recent observations have suggested that toll-like receptors (TLRs) are involved in the recognition of innate immunity against intestinal...

  • Innate Immunity in Lophotrochozoans: The Annelids. Salzet, Michel; Tasiemski, Aur�lie; Cooper, Edwin // Current Pharmaceutical Design;Aug2006, Vol. 12 Issue 24, p3043 

    Innate immunity plays a major role as a first defense against microbes. Effectors of the innate response include pattern recognition receptors (PRR), phagocytic cells, proteolytic cascades and peptides/proteins with antimicrobial properties. Each element of these events has been well studied in...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics