TITLE

A Change in Approach to Prenatal HIV Screening

AUTHOR(S)
Kass, Nancy
PUB. DATE
July 2000
SOURCE
American Journal of Public Health;Jul2000, Vol. 90 Issue 7, p1026
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Editorial
ABSTRACT
This article discusses a change in the approach to prenatal HIV screening. When the issue is examined solely from the perspective of public health, the practical implication of these studies is that pregnant women should be tested for HIV and those found to be infected should take antiretroviral therapy while pregnant. Ethics, however require, that public health, be realized in the least restrictive way possible and that values other than maximizing the public health be considered. Empirical data,then, must be gathered to determine whether mandatory screening programs are any more effective at reducing perinatal transmission than voluntary programs. Data reviewed by the committee suggests that perinatal transmission continues to occur mostly because of 2 of steps as a significant number of HIV-infected women, particularly those who are substance abusers, do not receive prenatal care and the offering of HIV testing to women who are in care is from universal. A study in Minnesota found that about half of providers screened only high-risk patients and 8% did not screen at all.
ACCESSION #
3269720

 

Related Articles

  • Place and Importance of the Neuropsychiatric HIV-Associated Conditions in Romanian Patients. Giubelan, L.; Cupsa, A.; Dumitrescu, Florentina; Niculescu, Irina; Stoian, Andreea; Iocu, Cristina // Acta Medica Marisiensis;Ago2010, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p399 

    Most Romanian patients are infected with HIV subtype F1 about which no data are known regarding its virulence and its impact on the nervous system. Objective: the present work aims to determine the place and importance of neuropsychiatric conditions in a Romanian HIV infected population....

  • REPEAT HIV TESTING IS WELL ACCEPTED IN RURAL MALAWI. Rosenberg, Jared // International Perspectives on Sexual & Reproductive Health;Jun2009, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p56 

    The article reports on the results of research on repeated HIV testing in rural Malawi that was conducted by the Malawi Diffusion and Ideational Change Project. Researchers surveyed 3,284 people, 2,987 of whom were contacted in their homes. Of those contacted, 92% agreed to take an HIV test and...

  • Feasibility of Large-scale Cholesterol Screening: Experience with a Portable Capillary-Blood Testing Device. Greenland, Philip; Levenkron, Jeffrey C.; Radley, Michael G.; Baggs, Judith G.; Manchester, Ralph A.; Rowley, Nancy L. // American Journal of Public Health;Jan1987, Vol. 77 Issue 1, p73 

    Abstract; We conducted a voluntary cholesterol screening in a medical/occupational setting using the Eastman Kodak Eklachem (desk top) blood analyzer. In 10 hours, five technicians performed a finger-stick puncture on 1.081 screenees, 17.7 per ¢ of whom were classified as moderate-to-high...

  • Quality improvement programme to achieve acceptable colonoscopy completion rates: prospective before and after study. Ball, Jennifer E.; Osbourne, Jane; Jowett, Sarah; Pellen, Mike; Welfare, Mark R. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);9/18/2004, Vol. 329 Issue 7467, p665 

    Problem A large audit of colonoscopy in the United Kingdom showed that the unadjusted completion rate was 57% when stringent criteria for identifying the caecum were applied. The caecum should be reached 90% of the time. Little information is available on what units or operators need to do to...

  • Simplified Method for Chlamydia trachomatis Isolation Using Multi-well Plate. Hayashi, Hajime; Sheth, Pragnya K. // American Journal of Public Health;Dec1982, Vol. 72 Issue 12, p1406 

    Abstract: To simplify Chlamydia trachomatis isolation. we employed a 24-well tissue culture plate, thereby eliminating tedious steps and material in the conventional vial method. Parallel studies indicated that the vial and plate methods were equally sensitive for Chlamydia isolation. The time...

  • Emerging diseases fuel health screening. Khanal, Prakash // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Oct2005, Vol. 83 Issue 10, p725 

    The article focuses on the preventive measures to be taken in case of the spread of infectious diseases. In an age of jet travel and porous border, a large portion of the world's population is on the move. But while international law recognizes a person's right to leave their country, no country...

  • Screening of coding region of metastasis suppressor genes KISS1 and KAI-1 for germ line mutations in breast cancer patients. Malik, Fraz Arshad; Kayani, Mahmood Akhter; Iqbal, Hina; Jiang, Wen G.; Sadiq, Rafshan // Gene Therapy & Molecular Biology;Dec2008, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p239 

    Breast cancer is one of the most common female cancers worldwide. Abnormalities of genetic or epigenetic factors are mainly responsible for the development and progression of mammary turnouts. In patients with breast cancer, metastasis is the leading cause of death. In recent years, a group of...

  • Balancing mammography 's benefits and harms. Fenton, Joshua J.; Elmore, Joann G. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);6/12/2004, Vol. 328 Issue 7453, pE301 

    Presents an editorial on the overdiagnosis of cancer. Misconceptions about cancer screening; How overdiagnosis, or medical screening for cancer, can lead to unnecessary, invasive treatment; Concerns about overdiagnosis; Details of a paper appearing in this issue by Zahl and others about...

  • An Attempt to Eradicate Silicotuberculosis in Ottawa County, Oklahoma. Snider Jr., Dixie E.; Dewberry, Glenn; Gretz, Helen // American Journal of Public Health;Dec1982, Vol. 72 Issue 12, p1404 

    Abstract: In 1974 and 1975, a selective tuberculosis screening program was conducted in a small mining community in Ottawa County, Oklahoma. Former miners, 50 years of age and over, who had abnormal chest radiographs consistent with silicosis or inactive tuberculosis and positive tuberculin skin...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics