TITLE

It's Time for a Change in Practice: Reducing Antibiotic Use Can Alter Antibiotic Resistance

AUTHOR(S)
Friedman, Cindy R.; Whitney, Cynthia G.
PUB. DATE
April 2008
SOURCE
Journal of Infectious Diseases;4/15/2008, Vol. 197 Issue 8, p1082
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Editorial
ABSTRACT
The author reflects on the use of reducing antibiotic to change antibiotic resistance. The author said that researchers have presented important findings demonstrating a link between reduced antibiotic use during the summer months and a rapid seasonal decrease in antibiotic-resistant pneumococci that cause otitis media. He suggests that the resistance imposes a cost on bacterial fitness and reduces antibiotic in the selection of sensitive strains over resistant by decreasing selective pressure.
ACCESSION #
31767147

 

Related Articles

  • Antibiotics and tympanostomy tubes in the management of otitis media.  // European Journal of Pediatrics;2003, Vol. 162 Issue 7/8, p565 

    Evaluates factors contributing to antibiotic prescriptions for otitis media. Determination if placement of tympanostomy tubes reduces the consumption of antibiotics in children; Finding that antimicrobial overuse is a major cause for the development of antimicrobial resistance among common...

  • Treatment Failures in Otitis Media -- What Can We Learn? Dagan, Ron; Leibovitch, Eugene; Fliss, Dan M.; Leiberman, Alberto // ENT: Ear, Nose & Throat Journal;Jun98 Supplement, Vol. 77, p16 

    The article discusses the importance of treatment failure rates in otitis media. The role of antibiotics in acute otitis media is to eradicate the causative pathogen from the middle ear. The ultimate test of this concept is to demonstrate the eradication of a pathogen from middle ear aspirate...

  • Declining antibiotic effectiveness in otitis media--a convergence of data. Poole, Michael D. // ENT: Ear, Nose & Throat Journal;Jun1998, Vol. 77 Issue 6, p444 

    Focuses on antibiotic resistance in otitis media. Use of antimicrobials to treat otitis media; Resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae; Hemophilus influenzae failures.

  • Parental experiences and attitudes regarding the management of acute otitis media—a comparative questionnaire between Finland and The Netherlands. Tähtinen, Paula A.; Boonacker, Chantal W. B.; Rovers, Maroeska M.; Schilder, Anne G. M.; Huovinen, Pentti; Liuksila, Pirjo-Riitta; Ruuskanen, Olli; Ruohola, Aino // Family Practice;Dec2009, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p488 

    Background. Both treatment guidelines and the amount of antibiotics used for acute otitis media (AOM) vary across western countries. Parental expectations and their awareness of antimicrobial use and resistance, which may also be influenced by the guidelines, are not yet completely known.

  • Acute Otitis Media: Part II. Treatment in an Era of Increasing Antibiotic Resistance. Pichichero, Michael E. // American Family Physician;4/15/2000, Vol. 61 Issue 8, p2410 

    Part II. Addresses the increasing antibiotic resistance among pathogens that commonly cause acute otitis media. Impact of antibiotic therapy on outcome; Recommendations for management of acute otitis media; Discussion on pathogen-directed antibiotic selection.

  • Healthy People 2010 Objective: Reduce Number and Frequency of Courses of Antibiotics for Ear Infections in Young Children. Jackson, Patricia L. // Pediatric Nursing;Nov/Dec2001, Vol. 27 Issue 6, p591 

    Provides information on a study which developed recommendations for treatment of acute otitis media (AOM) and the increasing antibiotic drug resistance to the common organisms that cause AOM. Risks of treatment with antibiotics; Role of the pediatric nurse in primary care; Conclusion.

  • No Therapy: Use, Abuse, Efficacy, and Morbidity--The European versus The Third-World Experience. Rutka, John; Lekagul, Salyaveth // Journal of Otolaryngology;Nov/Dec1998 Supplement, Vol. 27, p43 

    Objective: Historical controls documented a marked reduction in complications from acute otitis media (AOM) and chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) with the introduction of antibiotic therapy m the period 1930 to 1950s amongst other changes that occurred in North American and Western...

  • Appropriate Treatment of Acute Otitis Media in the Era of Antibiotic Resistance. Dagan, Ron // Pediatric Drugs;2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 12, p3 

    The outcome of treatment for acute otitis media (AOM) differs between various antibiotic drugs. Outcome depends upon the drugs' pharmacokinetics, but in the case of infectious diseases also on the susceptibility of the organism and the interaction between the drug and the organisms at the...

  • The "wait and see" approach of acute otitis media. Corbeel, Lucien // European Journal of Pediatrics. Supplement;2005, Vol. 164, p1 

    The author comments on a study that examined the treatment of non-severe acute otitis media (AOM) in children. Those in the severe group were treated with amoxycillin, while those in the non-severe group were managed initially without antibiotics. The results are said to indicate that a bulging...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics