TITLE

Urbanization of Rural Areas and the Risk Factors: A Case Study of Five Local Government Areas in Oyo State, Nigeria

AUTHOR(S)
Agnes, Akinnuoye Modupe; Jaafar, Mokhtar; Rostam, Kateman Bin
PUB. DATE
June 2014
SOURCE
Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;2014 Special, Vol. 8 Issue 8, p130
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Case Study
ABSTRACT
Urbanization is the transformation from traditional practices into a more modern way in line with development and technology. It entails the migration of people from remote, semi-rural areas to more developed areas in terms of availability of basic life's necessities. This process is a form of modernization known as urban drift rooted in global industrialization and technological advancement. It is in a nut-shell, modernization. With urbanization the society becomes more advanced technologically and the use of machinery in most cases, replaces many workers that were needed to work on farms, in factories, and construction sites. There is on the other hand, increase in productivity, desire for education, healthy competiveness and better lifestyle. Hindrances to urbanization result in lack of development in such affected areas. This finding indicated that where people still have strong links to the old primitive ways of life and tradition there will be no adequate provision of infrastructure such as good roads, standard schools, good water, electricity and health facilities in the areas. The method of survey was through the use of questionnaire of consenting adults in these rural communities with the usage of cluster sampling technique, a total of 500 respondents were chosen out of 700 in which 300 men and 200 women participated. Data was collected through the information sought on the respondents' socio-demographic characteristics, life style and the problem they are passing through as a result of lack of development. Factors hindering urbanization in the five local Government areas in this study were critically reviewed. Paramount causative factors from the results were the conscious deprivation by community leaders and continuation of primitive practices has consequential negative effects resulting in shortage or lack of modern facilities, scientific medicine and social amenities.
ACCESSION #
96793536

 

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