Pheochromocytoma Causing Cardiomyopathy, Ischemic Stroke and Acute Arterial Thrombosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

February 2013
Connecticut Medicine;Feb2013, Vol. 77 Issue 2, p95
Academic Journal
Case Study
Pheochromocytoma is a rare catecholamine secreting neuroendocrine tumor with an estimated annual incidence of one to four per million and prevalence among hypertensive patients of 0.1 to 0.6 %. The symptoms and signs of pheochromocytoma include the classic triad of episodic headache, increased sweating, and palpitations. These are as a result of an uncontrolled release of catecholamines. There exist only a small number of reports of pheochromocytoma simulating hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, few reports of pheochromocytoma-induced ischemic stroke and only two reported cases with pheochromocytoma-induced arterial thrombosis. We present a case of multiple, rare clinical complications of pheochromocytoma occurring in the same patient and the review of literature of these complications.


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