CARICOM return migration and brain circulation: case study of Caribbean-born nurses

Blouin, Chantal; Debnath, Priyanka
June 2011
Canadian Foreign Policy (CFP);2011, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p101
Academic Journal
Case Study
This article presents a case study of brain circulation of nurses from the Caribbean. The authors conducted a review of the literature available on brain circulation of health professionals, assembled existing data on migration and brain circulation of Caribbean nurses and reviewed existing policy frameworks for managing migration and facilitating brain circulation. This article highlights a number of findings relevant to devising strategies for the region to maximize the positive development impact of migration while minimizing the negative consequences. Managed migration has received the most attention as a means to reduce the loss of human capital and facilitate brain circulation. The new World Health Organization (WHO) code of practice and negotiations of temporary labour agreements are two promising policy options for that purpose. The Managed Migration Program of the Caribbean has been an interesting channel to address the supply and demand conditions of the nurses in the Caribbean region. The programme is currently underfunded but offers great possibility as an instrument of public policy for leveraging the benefits of migration in the Caribbean, given the partners already involved. Focusing energy and resources in strengthening this existing mechanism, while exploring ways to harness the potential of the WHO code of practice and future temporary labour agreements, is proposed as a key component for a managed migration strategy in health in the Caribbean.


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