First application of a new portable, miniaturized system for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Müller, T.; Philipp, A.; Lubnow, M.; Weingart, C.; Pfeifer, M.; Riegger, GAJ; Schmid, C.
July 2011
Perfusion;Jul2011, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p284
Academic Journal
Case Study
Extracorporeal assist systems for respiratory and circulatory failure are increasingly used in intensive care medicine. Important technical innovations over the past years have resulted in improved biocompatibility and, consequently, reduced complication rates. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) technology experienced a surge of use during the influenza A (H1N1) pandemic, but transport of unstable patients with life-threatening ARDS is still hazardous. We describe the first successful application of a newly developed, compact and easily portable ECMO device in a patient with severe ARDS due to influenza A (H1N1). Support with the miniaturized ECMO resulted in immediate improvement of gas exchange and a highly protective ventilation. Inspiratory pressure was decreased from 40 to 29 cmH2O and tidal volume per kilogram of predicted bodyweight could be reduced from 6.5 to 3.3 mL.Small and efficient heart-lung assist systems will become a tool of growing importance in intensive care medicine, both for profound respiratory and cardiac failure in the future. The reduced weight and compact design of the device greatly facilitates transport and handling of unstable patients on ECMO.


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