A rare and an unusually delayed presentation of orbital actinomycosis following avulsion injury of the scalp

Hegde, Vidy; Puthran, Neelam; Mahesha, S.; Anupama, B.
March 2010
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Mar2010, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p238
Academic Journal
Case Study
We report a rare case of orbital swelling presenting one year after head trauma. An initial fine needle aspiration cytology revealed it to be an infected organizing hematoma. However, broad-spectrum antibiotics did not resolve the infection and the orbital lesion continued to grow in size, as evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. Incisional biopsies were done, which were reported as orbital actinomycosis. Patient has responded well to treatment with penicillin. This case is of interest due to the delayed presentation of an orbital complication of head trauma and the rare infection with actinomyces. It also highlights the importance of using appropriate antibiotics, as well as the need for long-term treatment.


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