Cerebral venous congestion during cardiopulmonary bypass: role of bispectral index monitoring

Puri, G. D.; Agarwal, J.; Solanki, A.; Rana, S. S.
May 2008
Perfusion;May2008, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p153
Academic Journal
Case Study
A 58-year-old male patient was posted for double valve replacement under hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). During aortic cross-clamp (AXC), the central venous pressure (CVP) was found to have increased to 22 mmHg. After 4 minutes of sustained increase in CVP, burst suppression (SR) started increasing. After 5 min of increase in SR, bispectral index (BIS) declined rapidly to 17. Propofol infusion was stopped and re-evaluation of signs of facial congestion showed changes to that effect. The perfusionist noted steadily decreasing venous return. As soon as the superior vena cava (SVC) cannula was withdrawn by 3 cm, CVP immediately declined to 6 mmHg. The venous return in the CPB reservoir normalized and BIS returned to 42 after a transient rise to a maximum of 58 and SR decreased to 0 within 2 min of repositioning of the venous cannula. The patient was successfully extubated after 7 hours without any sequelae.


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