TITLE

Reading Disability

AUTHOR(S)
McGlannan, Frances
PUB. DATE
October 1974
SOURCE
Journal of Learning Disabilities;Oct1974, Vol. 7 Issue 8, p485
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Case Study
ABSTRACT
This article cites a case study, titled "Kanji Versus Kana Processing in Alexia with Transient Agraphia," which examines reading disability involving foreign languages. The case presented in this study exhibits the syndrome of alexia accompanying transient agraphia and shows, among other things, some unique patterns of impairment in handling two kinds of orthographic symbols. In Japanese, "Kana" signs are phonetic symbols for syllables. "Kanji" characters are essentially non-phonetic symbols or signs used to represent an entire word. In the case, a 43-year-old high school teacher, a native who spoke Japanese fluently, had a sudden attack of numbness affecting the right half of his body in 1971. Both oral reading and reading comprehension was severely impaired, with the exception of some words in "kanji" which he read normally. In the case of words written in "kana," he tried to pronounce each kana symbol, one after another, sometimes using his finger to trace the outline of the sign, usually in the air. This difference may, suggestively, be explained by the inherent difference in the mode of processing of the two types of symbols as a direct graphic approach for "kanji" and an indirect phonetic approach for "kana."
ACCESSION #
18962894

 

Related Articles

  • About the Vocalic System of Armenian Words of Substratic Origin. Fournet, Arnaud // Archív Orientalní;2013, Vol. 81 Issue 2, p207 

    The article discusses the system of vowels for words in the modern Armenian language, an Indo-European language, derived from words in use in ancient Anatolia, especially from Urartian and Hurrian, which are closely related ancient Caucasic languages. The author describes these words as a...

  • New methodologies for historical linguistics?: Calibrating a lexicon-based methodology for diffusion vs. subgrouping. Donohue, Mark; Denham, Tim; Oppenheimer, Stephen // Diachronica;2012, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p505 

    Recent research claims that analysis of lexical cognate classes for a basic wordlist can reproduce linguistic subgroups within the Austronesian family (Gray et al. 2009). The analysis is open to question in two respects. Primarily the lexically-based classification, primed with pre-established...

  • Borrowing of Persian words into Arabic language and its influence on Arabic literature and language: A review paper. AHANGARI, Fereshteh; MORADI, Nafiseh // International Journal of Language Studies;Apr2013, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p165 

    The link between Persian and Arabic Languages has been investigated by researchers since a long time ago. After the Arab invasion of Iran, at that special period of time, Arabic language was a lot more important than Persian language; it was the language of courts of Iran for a while, and...

  • Borrowing of Persian words into Arabic language and its influence on Arabic literature and language: A review paper. AHANGARI, Fereshteh; MORADI, Nafiseh // International Journal of Language Studies;Apr2013, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p143 

    The link between Persian and Arabic Languages has been investigated by researchers since a long time ago. After the Arab invasion of Iran, at that special period of time, Arabic language was a lot more important than Persian language; it was the language of courts of Iran for a while, and...

  • Translation as a decision process: Evidence from cognates. Malkiel, Brenda // Babel;2009, Vol. 55 Issue 3, p228 

    The article presents a study which investigated whether the genre of the source text would affect the tendency of students to produce loanword solutions for translating two English texts into the Hebrew language. Forty-five students in Israel participated in the study. It has revealed that the...

  • Semantic dementia without surface dyslexia in Spanish: Unimpaired reading with impaired semantics. Weekes, Brendan Stuart; Wilson, Maximiliano A.; Martínez-Cuitiño, Macarena // Behavioural Neurology;2012, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p273 

    Surface dyslexia has been attributed to an overreliance on the sub-lexical route for reading. Typically, surface dyslexic patients commit regularisation errors when reading irregular words. Also, semantic dementia has often been associated with surface dyslexia, leading to some explanations of...

  • EFFECTS OF LEXICAL COHESION AND MACRORULES ON EFL STUDENTS' MAIN IDEA COMPREHENSION. WILAWAN, SUJUNYA // Reading Improvement;Summer2011, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p71 

    This study investigated the effects of an instructional procedure which incorporated lexical cohesion and macrorules to promote main idea comprehension of Thai EFL students. One hundred and six undergraduate students taking a reading module were randomly assigned to one of three teaching...

  • Investigating the Effect of Using Multiple Sensory Modes of Glossing Vocabulary Items in a Reading Text with Multimedia Annotations. Rezaee, Abbas Ali; Shoar, Neda Sharbaf // English Language Teaching;Jun2011, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p25 

    In recent years, improvements in technology have enhanced the possibilities of teaching and learning various subjects. This is specially the case in foreign language instruction. The use of technology and multimedia brings new opportunities for learning different areas of language. In this...

  • THE ORIGINS OF STEMS OF STANDARD ESTONIAN -- A STATISTICAL OVERVIEW. Soosaar, Sven-Erik // TRAMES: A Journal of the Humanities & Social Sciences;2013, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p273 

    The lexicon of literary Estonian is analysed by layers of inherited stems and loan words according to the data from the Estonian Etymological Dictionary (2012). The data is compared with previous data presented by Huno Rätsep in the 1980s and main differences are shown and the reasons behind...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics