TITLE

Downstream effect of a pumped-storage hydropower plant on river habitat conditions and benthic life - a case study

AUTHOR(S)
KOKAVEC, Igor; NAVARA, Tomáš; BERACKO, Pavel; DERKA, Tomáš; HANDANOVIČOVÁ, Ivana; RÚFUSOVÁ, Andrea; VRÁBLOVÁ, Zuzana; LÁNCZOS, Tomáš; ILLYOVÁ, Marta; ŠPORKA, Ferdinand
PUB. DATE
June 2017
SOURCE
Biologia;Jun2017, Vol. 72 Issue 6, p652
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Case Study
ABSTRACT
In spite of many investigations about the impact of reservoirs on river continuum, the downstream effects of a pumped-storage hydropower plants (PSHP) still have been less known. The aim of the study was to evaluate the downstream effect of the PSHP Čierny Váh in regard to the Serial Discontinuity Concept assumptions or studies assessing more frequent types of hydropower reservoirs. We predicted that the increase of water temperature and the alteration of food sources will hierarchically be the most relevant factors determining macroinvertebrate community composition. We focused on mayflies, caddisflies and non-insect benthic invertebrates due to their appropriate responses to discontinuity. We also determined the influence of the hydropower plant on life cycles and productions of the most abundant species of mayflies and caddisflies. We recorded the unique effect of the PSHP Čierny Váh on its downstream environmental variables. According to the nested ANOVA results, temperature regime, transported organic matter, benthic fine particulate organic matter and periphyton biomass were the environmental variables significantly modified by the river discontinuum. Significant differences were also found in the case of macroinvertebrate species richness, density and diversity. Nevertheless, based on the forward selection test for predictor effects, none of the environmental variables affected the macroinvertebrate assemblages significantly. However, the redundancy analysis revealed a separated group of macroinvertebrates preferring conditions characteristic for the site immediately below the reservoir. Regarding the impact of the reservoir on life histories, we revealed the shift in hatching, emergence and duration of life cycles of the abundant mayflies (except Baetis rhodani) and caddisfly Ecclisopteryx dalecarlica. Total annual production of mayflies as well as caddisflies was several times higher at the site immediately below the reservoir. Although PSHP Čierny Váh matches the SDC assumptions (except thermal stratification), the downstream impact resembles much more the effects of small reservoirs or epilimnetic-release reservoirs.
ACCESSION #
124139938

 

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