A Rare Case of Multple Myeloma (Mm) Presented With Pancytopaenia in A Patient of HIV - At Very Early Age

January 2015
Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research;Jan2015, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p7
Academic Journal
Case Study
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is the most common haematological malignancy which is seen in HIV infected patients. Among NHLs, immunoblastic lymphomas are most common and a majority of these are diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Multiple myeloma is a disease of the elderly. It is extremely rare below 30 years of age. On the other hand, in HIV infected individuals, the average age of presentation with plasma cell disorders is 33 years, which is far younger than the average age of presentation in general population. The incidence of AIDS defining malignancies has declined markedly, whereas non-AIDS defining cancers are being increasingly diagnosed in patients with HIV infection during the HAART-era and they may be the presenting manifestations of AIDS. Multiple myeloma, however, usually is not a first presenting feature of AIDS. The usual clinical presentation of multiple myeloma is bone pain and pallor. Pancytopaenia is a rare presenting feature of multiple myeloma. Here, we are reporting a case of pancytopaenia which occurred in a 28-year-old, newly diagnosed, HIV-1 positive female, who with the help of bone marrow examination and further investigations, was subsequently diagnosed as multiple myeloma.


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