TITLE

Adult Ocular Toxocariasis Mimicking Ciliary Body Malignancy

AUTHOR(S)
Mansour, Ahmad M.; Abiad, Bachir; Boulos, Fouad I.; Alameddine, Ramzi; Maalouf, Fadi C.; Ghannam, Alaa Bu; Hamam, Rola N.
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Case Reports in Medicine;2014, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Case Study
ABSTRACT
Purpose. To discuss an unusual presentation of ocular toxocariasis. Methods. Case report. Results. A 40-year-old woman presented with decreased vision in the left eye with a long history of recurrent red eye from uveitis. Eosinophilia and positive ELISA titers for Toxocara canis favored the diagnosis of ocular toxocariasis. Over 3 months, an anterior scleral mass had a rapid growth raising the possibility of medulloepithelioma, which rarely can mimic uveitic syndromes. Surgical plan changed from local excision to enucleation. Histopathology demonstrated a large homogeneous mass of chronic inflammatory cells with inflammation of the overlying thinned out sclera, medial rectus insertion, and limbal cornea. The triad of peripheral granuloma, eosinophilia, and positive blood serology established the diagnosis of ocular toxocariasis. Conclusions. Ocular toxocariasis can mimic ocular malignancy such as medulloepithelioma in adults and rarely presents as an anterior scleral mass.
ACCESSION #
100518921

 

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