April 2007
Water (9781405318747);2007, p28
Book Chapter
A chapter from the book "Water" is presented. It discusses how clouds are formed and the different kinds of cloud formations. Clouds are formed as a result of condensed water droplets or ice crystals that are suspended in the air. The chapter cites the features of different clouds, including nimbostratus, cumulus, altostratus, and cirrus. It also mentions that cloud formations were first classified in 1801.


Related Articles

  • Study of Planar Ice Crystal Orientations in Ice Clouds from Scanning Polarization Lidar Observations. Noel, Vincent; Sassen, Kenneth // Journal of Applied Meteorology;May2005, Vol. 44 Issue 5, p653 

    This paper presents a study of the orientation of ice crystals in cirrus and midlevel clouds, based on the analysis of several cases of scanning polarization lidar observations. The maximum angle that crystals deviate from the horizontal plane is inferred at consecutive altitude levels by...

  • Observing cirrus halos to constrain in-situ measurements of ice crystal size. Garrett, T. J.; Kimball, M. B.; Mace, G. G.; Baumgardner, D. G. // Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p1295 

    In this study, characteristic optical sizes of ice crystals in synoptic cirrus are determined using airborne measurements of ice crystal size distributions, optical extinction and water content. The measurements are compared with coincident visual observations of ice cloud optical phenomena, in...

  • Study of Ice Crystal Orientation in Cirrus Clouds Based on Satellite Polarized Radiance Measurements. Noel, Vincent; Chepter, Hélène // Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences;8/15/2004, Vol. 61 Issue 16, p2073 

    The goal of this paper is to retrieve information about ice particle orientation in cirrus clouds. This is achieved by comparing simulations of sunlight reflection on a cirrus cloud with measurements of polarized radiances from the spaceborne instrument Polarization and Directionality of the...

  • Ice crystal shapes are assessed in the Earth's atmosphere. Coffey, Valerie C. // Laser Focus World;Sep2008, Vol. 44 Issue 9, p42 

    The article reports on the development of an optical-scattering instrument by researchers from the University of Hertsfordshire, University of Manchester and Colorado State University in the U.S. The move is aimed in capturing high-resolution spatial light-scattering patterns of ice crystals...

  • Application of infrared remote sensing to constrain in-situ estimates of ice crystal particle size during SPartICus. Cooper, S. J.; Garrett, T. J. // Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions;2011, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p3055 

    The article presents a study which proposes an infrared remote sensing method for identifying ice crystals in cirrus clouds. The study uses MODIS observations and compares the effective radius (re) of ice clouds with in-situ measurements from the three test cases during the 2010 Small Particles...

  • Theoretical aspects of modeling backscattering by cirrus ice particles at millimeter wavelengths. Schneider, Timothy L.; Stephens, Graeme L. // Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences;12/1/95, Vol. 52 Issue 23, p4367 

    Examines how nonspherical cirrus cloud ice particles backscatter electromagnetic radiation at millimetric wavelengths. Use of discrete dipole approximization; Sensitivity of backscattered radiation; Factors in ice crystal size distribution.

  • Clouds.  // Click;Apr2005, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p26 

    Provides information on the different types of clouds. Cirrus; Cumulus; Nimbus; Stratus.

  • Fallstreaks and Their Parent Generators. Atlas, David // Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society;Mar2001, Vol. 82 Issue 3, p477 

    Presents a photo of cirrus unicus fallstreaks with supercooled cumuliform generating heads in the United States. Nature and evolution of cirrus unicus; Regeneration of the clouds to account for the extended lifetime of both the generating cells and the ice crystal trails; Reason for rarity of...

  • Radiative transfer in the cirrus clouds. Part III: Light scattering by irregular ice crystals. Takano, Y.; Liou, K.N. // Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences;4/1/95, Vol. 52 Issue 7, p818 

    Discusses the development of a new Monte Carlo/geometric ray-tracing method to compute the single scattering and polarization properties of ice crystals with various irregular structures. Tracing of incident photons with a hit-and-miss Monte Carlo method and by geometric refraction; Computation...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics