January 1996
Encyclopedia of North American Indians (Houghton Mifflin);1996, p223
Book Chapter
The Ghost Dance is the popular name given to a pair of religious dances created in the late nineteenth century near the Walker River Reservation in Nevada. The 1870s Ghost Dance movement gradually subsided, but a new Ghost Dance attracted great attention in the 1890s. It began in 1889, when a Paiute named Wovoka fell into a trance and returned to consciousness preaching that by performing a circular dance and adhering to certain principles of virtuous and peaceful living, Indians could restore their lands and recover their own deceased ancestors. Among the Sioux, the Ghost Dance became a central focus of disaffected young men and women.


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