Timoshenko, Semon K

Large, David Clay
January 1996
Reader's Companion to Military History;1996, p472
The article profiles Semon K. Timoshenko, Soviet World War II marshal from 1895 to 1970. Timoshenko is generally regarded by military historians as a Stalinist toady and political general par excellence, although his colleague Georgii K. Zhukov considered him a competent and well-versed leader. Timoshenko understood his craft and worked hard to reform the Red Army before World War II, but he was too much Joseph Stalin's confidant to question the dictator's policies, even when he thought them misguided. A veteran of World War I and the Russian Civil War, in which he led a Red Army cavalry division, Timoshenko was one of the few representatives of the old guard to survive the purges of the late 1930s. He loyally accepted Stalin's no provocation policy vis-& agrave;-vis Hitler, which left Russia vulnerable to the German attack. Awarded the Order of Victory by Stalin, Timoshenko served as chief of various military districts, including the Belorussian, from 1946 to 1960.


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