TITLE

Health-Related Quality of Life and Associated Factors in Women With Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy During the First Trimester

AUTHOR(S)
Mei-Chun Liu; Fan-Hao Chou
PUB. DATE
December 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Nursing & Healthcare Research;Dec2014, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p314
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: It has been estimated that 75-90% of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) during the first trimester. These symptoms impact negatively on pregnant women. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during pregnancy is an important indicator on the effectiveness of healthcare. Understanding the HRQOL of women with NVP and associated factors is required to provide high quality healthcare to this population. Purpose: This study explores the relationships between HRQOL and its associated factors in women with NVP during their first trimester of pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional and correlational study design with convenience sampling was conducted. The instruments included demographic survey forms, the index of nausea, vomiting, and retching (INVR), a visual analogue scale (VAS) for symptom distress, and the health-related quality of life for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy scale (NVPQOL). A convenience sample of 160 women who were in their first trimester and were experiencing NVP were recruited from a regional teaching hospital in southern Taiwan between August 2011 and July 2012. Results: The mean score for NVPQOL was 121.68 ± 27.92 (moderate). Factors that significantly influenced individual HRQOL scores (p < .05) included: level of education, religious status, knowledge regarding symptom relief techniques, and prenatal stress. Scores for severity of NVP, symptom distress, BMI (body mass index), and HRQOL were significantly correlated (p < .05). The severity of NVP, prenatal stress, level of education, BMI, and religious status were identified as important predictors of HRQOL, explaining 41.7% of the total variance in HRQOL. Conclusions / Implications for Practice: Results provide evidence of the important predictors of HRQOL in women with NVP. These results may help guide healthcare professionals to design clinical practice guidelines for NVP symptoms and further improve HRQOL in pregnant women.
ACCESSION #
99927095

 

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