Association Between Job Characteristics and Health Behaviors in Japanese Rural Workers

Tsutsumi, Akizumi; Kayaba, Kazunori; Yoshimura, Manabu; Sawada, Machi; Ishikawa, Shizukiyo; Sakai, Kenichiro; Gotoh, Tadao; Nago, Naoki
June 2003
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine;Jun2003, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p125
Academic Journal
Associations between job characteristics defined by the Karasek's job demand-control model and health behaviors were investigated in a cross-sectional analysis of 6,759 Japanese rural workers. High psychological demands were associated with heavy smoking, exaggerated prevalence of alcohol drinking, and high work-related physical activity. Low job control was associated with lower consumption of vegetables, a smaller quantity number of cigarettes smoked, and a low level of work-related physical activity. Job strain, a combined measure obtained from the ratio of demands to control, was associated with lower vegetable consumption, low prevalence of smoking, and high prevalence of current alcohol drinking. Stratified analyses by occupations and gender provided some but not all of the explanations for the unexpected findings. The results indicate a possible association between psychosocial job characteristics and health behaviors. A few unexpected findings prevent complete support to one of the hypothetical pathways that the job characteristics lead to cardiovascular disease through behaviors.


Related Articles

  • Are You Burned Out? Schwartz, Gil // Men's Health;Oct2011, Vol. 26 Issue 8, p130 

    The article presents information on several signs of chronic career fatigue. Suggestions are offered to eat right and do exercise. Researchers recently identified various factors that can signal three different types of career fatigue. The article further presents a chart to find out what one is...

  • Study stresses stroke issues.  // Occupational Health;Feb2011, Vol. 63 Issue 2, p4 

    The article discusses a study which examined the link between stress and the risk of stroke in Great Britain. The study found that 15 percent of British workers see themselves as extremely stressed. Almost one-fifth of the survey respondents admitted that they did not exercise at all. The survey...

  • The ?iopsychosocial ?odel of Work Stress in the Health Professions. Stefanidou, Aimiliza; Varvogli, Liza; Livaditis, Miltiadis; Argyropoulou-Pataka, Paraskevi // Nosileftiki;Oct2010, Vol. 49 Issue 4, p364 

    Background: Recent studies carried out in various different countries have shown extremely high rates of stress and burnout in medicine, nursing and the other health professions compared to the general working population. Aim: The aim of this paper is to provide a review of the health...

  • How Healthy is India Inc?  // India Today;9/3/2012, p11 

    The article explores the health condition of Indians in 2012. The global downturn is expected to cause stress at the workplace particularly those high-pressure executive who are daunted with 60-plus hours a week, unpredictable workflows and flexible global hours. Doctor Prathap C. Reddy, a...

  • Are You At Risk Of Job Burn Out?  // Customers First;Dec2012, Vol. 17 Issue 12, p4 

    The article offers checklist for employees which help diagnose possible burn out. It addresses whether employees have over-responded to something in the office or made others shocked by the reaction to just small issue. It highlights the importance of evaluating the condition of employee's...

  • POTENTIALLY MISLEADING CONCLUSIONS: JOB STRAIN AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS. Smith, Peter // American Journal of Public Health;Mar2014, Vol. 104 Issue 3, pe4 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Job Strain and Health-Related Lifestyle: Findings From an Individual Participant Meta-Analysis of 118,000 Working Adults" by K. Heikkilä, E. I. Fransson, S. T. Nyberg et al. in a 2013 issue.

  • Healthy Eating at Different Risk Levels for Job Stress: Testing a Moderated Mediation. Fodor, Daniel P.; Antoni, Conny H.; Burkert, Silke; Wiedemann, Amelie U. // Journal of Occupational Health Psychology;Apr2014, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p259 

    The article discusses the prevalence of risk for job stress associated with the changes in health behavior. It examines the relationship among intention-planning-fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) for the changes in health behavior. It details two planning types as mediators between...

  • To avoid physician burnout, broaden life's scope.  // Dermatology Times;Mar2005, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p8 

    This article discusses the danger of physician burnouts, related problems, responsible factors, and possible corrective measures. According to the author, having 10 and 15 years into a career, stress and burnout are particularly dangerous for physicians, when stressed-out doctors may leave...

  • Stress Less, Accomplish More. Mahoney, Sarah // Good Housekeeping;May2010, Vol. 250 Issue 5, p57 

    The author discusses ways in which to use stress in life beneficially and find a stress zone where one is motivated, but not overly pressured. The author suggests health behaviors that reduce stress. The article advises that people recognize their stressors and rank and reframe them. Fixing...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics