Certification Programs: Franchises or Not?

Spandorf, Rochelle B.; Brockett, Jennifer L.; Buono, Anna R.
April 2014
Franchise Law Journal;Spring2014, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p505
Academic Journal
The article focuses on the inquiry regarding the nature of zumba, crossfit and similarly structured fitness programs that claim to be training and certification programs and not franchises in the U.S. Discussion of the legal nature and definition exclusion of certification programs in the country is provided. Details about the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) rulemaking authority to propose a trade regulation rule to address the abuses in such programs is offered.


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