Experimentation and the Scientist

Wolf, Irving
July 1966
Philippine Sociological Review;Jul66, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p134
Academic Journal
The article discusses experimentation and scientists. Science has been described as a method consisting of asking clear and answerable questions to direct observations in an unbiased way so that one can actually answer the questions raised. Nicolaus Copernicus, an astronomer's proposal in 1543 that the sun rather than the earth was the center of our universe led the way for the application of science and experimentation to astronomy and signaled the breakout from the medieval restraints in the pursuit of knowledge about our world. During the seventeenth century there emerged an appreciation of the orderliness and regularity in economic events. Paralleling the recognition of law and order in the developing physical sciences at that time, the statisticians searched for regularities in births, deaths, and diseases while the newly-developing economists asserted that there were many economic occurrences which followed their own laws. The scientist's consideration is the recognition that while he fills multiple roles as a scientist and a citizen, he is in the last analysis a human being whose responsibilities to others are derived from the rules of society and interpersonal relations and not from science. To the extent that scientific truth calls for choices to be made all along the line, the contributions of the social sciences to our self-understanding as human beings enables us to make better choices and to better live with them.


Related Articles

  • Nicholas Copernicus and the Sun-Centered Solar System. Karwatka, Dennis // Tech Directions;Mar2009, Vol. 68 Issue 8, p12 

    The article focuses on scientist Nicholas Copernicus and his theory that the earth rotated around the sun. Copernicus was born in 1473 in Torun, Poland and has earned degrees in mathematics and art at the University of Cracow. He developed an interest in astronomy during his student years, and...

  • Nicolas Copernicus, 1473-1543. Posner, Tina // Nicolas Copernicus (ELL);2009, p1 

    Nicolas Copernicus was an astronomer. An astronomer studies things in space, such as planets and stars. He was famous for saying that the planet Earth orbits, or goes around, the Sun. At the time Copernicus lived, people thought that the Sun moved around the Earth.

  • CHAPTER TWO: Nicolaus Copernicus and the Sun-Centered Universe.  // Astronomy: Looking at the Stars;2001, p30 

    This chapter profiles Nicolaus Copernicus, the scientist who revolutionized the science of astronomy by placing the sun at the center of Ptolemy's model of the universe. Copernicus did not intend to overthrow the Ptolemaic system. He had no doubt that planets moved in circular orbits at uniform...

  • CALÄ° QUSHJÄ° AND REGIOMONTANUS: ECCENTRIC TRANSFORMATIONS AND COPERNICAN REVOLUTIONS. Ragep, F. Jamil // Journal for the History of Astronomy;Nov2005, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p359 

    Focuses on the significant reconstruction of how Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus arrived at the heliocentric theory. Interpretation of a set of notes from Uppsala University; Assessment of the foundation of Copernicus' great discovery; Consideration of the geometrical forecast in the...

  • DID THE REFORMERS REJECT COPERNICUS? Gingerich, Owen // Christian History;2002, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p22 

    Examines responses of reformers on the heliocentric theory of Nicolas Copernicus. Criticism of Copernicus' theory by Catholics and Protestants; Comments of reformer Martin Luther on the theory; Validity of Protestant reformer John Calvin's views regarding the theory.

  • Erasmus Reinhold at 500. Cunningham, Clifford J. // Mercury;Summer2011, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p8 

    The article features astronomer Erasmus Reinhold, considering his role in establishing Nicolaus Copernicus' reputation. It states that Reinhold had a great role in spreading the concepts of Copernicus, which changed people's understanding on the universe. It adds that a revised set of...

  • What's so special about the centre? Croswell, Ken // New Scientist;2/16/91, Vol. 129 Issue 1756, p58 

    Comments on how scientists and astronomers have been rendering the Earth's place in the Universe as less than special ever since Nicolas Copernicus removed the Earth from the center of the solar system. Call for post-Copernican thinking; Argument that the Sun is hardly average when compared to...

  • COPERNICUS 1543-1943. Fitzmyer, Joseph A. // America;5/15/1943, Vol. 69 Issue 6, p148 

    This article reports on Nicholas Copernicus, the Polish astronomer. It discusses the Copernican system of the universe. On May 24, 1943, there will be celebrated the quadricentennial of the death of Nicholas Copernicus, who proposed that system substantially in its present form. His death was...

  • The Face of Copernicus? Naeye, Robert // Sky & Telescope;Feb2006, Vol. 111 Issue 2, p18 

    Reports on the claim by a team of Polish archaeologists led by Jerzy Gassowski that it has found the grave of Nicholas Copernicus, a famous Polish astronomer who successfully worked out a good model of the solar system. Information on the burial site excavated by the archaeologist; Results of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics