TITLE

Distant Friends: Romania and Nationalist Spain, 1936-1945

AUTHOR(S)
Bowen, Wayne H.
PUB. DATE
June 2011
SOURCE
Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti Bulletin, Law & Social Sc;2011, Vol. 63 Issue 1, p79
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
During the 1930s and 1940s, Spain and Romania demonstrated remarkable similarities in their history. Both viewed themselves as frontier states against non-Europeans - historically, against Islam, but more recently, against communism. The two states also experienced internal conflicts between monarchists, fascists and military leaders, struggle won in both nations by generals, Francisco Franco and Ion Antonescu, who assumed absolute control. Spain and Romania endured external pressures from the Great Powers during this period, with Germany, Britain, France and the Soviet Union hoping to draw both in their political and economic orbit. For both Spain and Romania, alliance with Germany was the only possible choice, but these alignments were ambivalent from the beginning. By the end of World War II, both nations tried to draw away from the Third Reich, with very mixed results. The strikingly parallel experiences of Spain and Romania, two nations that were mutually friendly to each other, but caught up in far larger historical forces, reveals much about interwar European diplomacy, the limitations on the sovereignty of small states, and the impact of the Second World War on Europe.
ACCESSION #
99414391

 

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