Self-reported social anxiety symptoms and correlates in a clinical (CAP) and a community (Young-HUNT) adolescent sample

Ranøyen, Ingunn; Jozefiak, Thomas; Wallander, Jan; Lydersen, Stian; Indredavik, Marit
December 2014
Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Dec2014, Vol. 49 Issue 12, p1937
Academic Journal
Purpose: The frequencies of social anxiety symptoms in a mental health clinical and a community sample of adolescents are compared. Also, we explore if adolescents can be classified in subgroups based on social anxiety symptoms. Associations between social anxiety symptoms and coexisting problems and sociodemographic characteristics are examined. Methods: Adolescent participants, aged 13-18, in two large Norwegian studies, consisting of a clinical ( n = 694, 42.1 % participation rate, 55 % girls, mean age = 15.6) and a community ( n = 7,694, 73.1 % participation rate, 51 % girls, mean age = 15.8) sample completed identical self-report questionnaires measuring social anxiety and related variables. Results: Median sum scores (interquartile range) of social anxiety symptoms were higher among girls than boys and in the clinical [girls = 16 (12-22); boys = 12 (9-16)] compared to the community sample [girls = 12 (9-15); boys = 10 (7-12)] ( p < 0.001). Latent profile analysis revealed two classes of adolescents based on social anxiety profiles. Adolescents scoring high on social anxiety symptoms, which ranged from 16 % (boys in community sample) to 40 % (girls in clinical sample), had significantly more coexisting problems than those scoring low. Social anxiety symptoms were associated with academic school problems, bullying, eating problems, acne, and general anxiety and depression in both samples. Conclusion: Social anxiety symptoms were commonly reported by adolescents, in both clinical and community settings. These symptoms were associated with a broad spectrum of coexisting problems, which can be used to detect adolescents struggling with social anxiety. Adolescent, family, peer, school, and community interventions targeting these associated problems may contribute to prevent and alleviate social anxiety symptoms.


Related Articles

  • Early Onset Binge Eating and Purging Eating Disorders: Course and Outcome in a Population-Based Study of Adolescents. Allen, Karina; Byrne, Susan; Oddy, Wendy; Crosby, Ross // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Oct2013, Vol. 41 Issue 7, p1083 

    This study aimed to describe the course of early onset eating disorders in a population-based sample followed from 14 to 20 years; identify variables that could account for the persistence of eating disorders from 14 to 20 years; and describe outcome of early onset eating disorders with...

  • Relationship of Emotional Autonomy with Anxiety and Depression. Dhillon, Rupan // Annual International Conference on Cognitive & Behavioral Psycho;2014, p125 

    Adolescence is a transitional and a developmental period in which there is a redefinition and reorganization of family relations. The task of development of autonomy has been considered as important. Emotional autonomy means the ability to have significant control over one's life, to be able to...

  • Skin Deep.  // Teen Vogue;Feb2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p86 

    The article discusses a study in Norway which found the higher prevalence of acne among teenagers who have symptoms of anxiety and depression than those who do not have any. Diane Berson of the American Acne and Rosacea Society and Women's Dermatologic Society explains that nerve stimulation...

  • Assessment of anxiety and depression in adolescents with acne vulgaris related to the severity of clinical features and gender. Kurtalić, Nermina; Hadžigrahić, Nermina; Tahirović, Husref; Šadić, Sena // Acta Medica Academica;2010, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p159 

    Objective. To determine anxiety and depression levels in adolescents with acne vulgaris in relation to clinical severity and gender. Patients and methods. Using a sectional study, the anxiety and depression level was analyzed of 90 adolescents of both sexes, aged 16 to 21 years, who were...

  • Collateral damage.  // Alive: Canada's Natural Health & Wellness Magazine;May2005, Issue 271, p28 

    Focuses on the effect of witnessing family abuse on teenagers. Consideration of the situation as the cause of low self-esteem, depression, eating disorders and stress disorders; Increase in the risk of teenagers to being aggressive toward others; Advice for teenagers to talk to a trustworthy...

  • Adolescent self-reported anxiety and depression: Separate constructs or a single entity. Tannenbaum, Lynne E.; Forehand, Rex // Child Study Journal;Mar1992, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p61 

    Investigates the relationship between anxiety and depression in nonclinic young adolescents using the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS). Correlation of CDI and RCMAS; Indication of self-report measures of anxiety and depression;...


    Investigates the role of anxiety and depression in students' adjustment to family and campus life. Less depression and anxiety in off-campus students; Consideration of competition among undergraduates.

  • Peer Victimization and Psychiatric Symptoms among Adolescents. Kaiser, Aneeqa; Malik, Sadia // Pakistan Journal of Medical Research;Oct-Dec2015, Vol. 54 Issue 4, p113 

    Objective: This study was conducted to explore the impact of peer victimization on psychiatric symptoms among adolescents. Subjects and Methods: Survey research design was used in the current study conducted from January 2014 to May 2014. A purposive sample of 400 adolescents was drawn from...

  • Starving for attention. McNeill, Kelli // American Fitness;Jul/Aug95, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p36 

    Presents a first-hand account of the pressures that drive young women to eating disorders. Acceptance of self-starvation as a social behavior in school; Prevalence of anorexia and bulimia in competitive schools due to academic pressure; Control within the parent-child relationship; Effects of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics