Health-promoting lifestyles and related factors among pregnant women

Onat, Güliz; Aba, Yılda Arzu
August 2014
Turkish Journal of Public Health;2014, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p69
Academic Journal
Objective: A health-promoting lifestyle has an especially important role during pregnancy due to its direct link to healthy births, and to low maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity rates. The objectives of our study are to determine and analyse the health-promoting lifestyles and related factors in pregnant women. Methods: This descriptive study was carried out on 255 pregnant women in the city of Usak in Turkey, using the Health-Promoting-Lifestyle-Profile-II-(HPLP). Frequencies, percentage distributions, t tests, and the Mann Whitney U test and ANOVA were used to analyze the results. Results: The mean age of the pregnant women was 26.7±5.1 and their mean gestational week was 25.2±10.9. The mean total score on the HPLP was 130.7±20.0. The lowest score was for "physical activity" (14.4±5.0). The highest score was for "psychological wellbeing" (26.18±4.2). Smoking prevalence among the study population was 17% before the pregnancy, and 3.9% during the pregnancy (with an average of 4 cigarettes/day). During the pregnancy diet habits improved. The rate of giving up smoking was high. Women also sought further knowledge about pregnancy and birth. Conclusions: In pregnant women the HPLP score was upper to intermediate in level. Of the women who participated in the survey, those that were unemployed, had a lower level of education, and those who had considered abortion were found to be at a higher risk of not having a health promoting life style. This finding provides a unique insight in identifying the risk group for health care providers who work at an antenatal clinic. Health caregivers should pay more attention to this risk group when evaluating healthy lifestyles during whole pregnancy.


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