Bioactive phytoconstituents and plant extracts from genus Heliotropium

Goyal, Naveen; Sharma, Surendra Kr.
October 2014
International Journal of Green Pharmacy (Medknow Publications & ;Oct-Dec2014, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p217
Academic Journal
Heliotropium is a genus of herbs and rarely shrubs of family Boraginaceae. Heliotropium species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of gout, rheumatism and as antiseptic, febrifuge, cholagogue, anti-inflammatory and healing agents. The alkaloids mainly pyrrolizidine alkaloids are the main constituents of Heliotropium species, which are responsible for several biological activities viz. anti-tumoural, anti-microbial, and anti-viral effects. Phenolic compounds, terpenoids, and quinones have also been reported in this genus. The present review summarizes the various biological studies done on the extracts and bioactive phytoconstituents from the plants of the genus Heliotropium over the past few decades.


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