Shia and sunni attitudes toward egg donation

ArabsalehiNasrabadi, S.
January 2014
Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p81
Academic Journal
Introduction: Infertility is defined as an inability to conceive after one year of regular unprotected sex. Egg donation has provided a possibility for infertility treatment in many infertile couples who have been deprived of children. Religion is associated with infertility in various aspects such as legitimacy of certain treatment or providing a moral philosophy about infertile couples. Materials and Methods: Present research was done through library research, the Quran, Islamic books and articles. Results: In Muslim countries, religion has a great impact on the choice of treatment and infertile couples try to access those technologies according to their religious instructions. From late 1990, controversy between Islamic sects (Sunnis and Shias) about egg donation has emerged. Many of the Shia jurists have permitted the donation of gametes. Generally, this principle has legal sanctity unless in the application of this method, some prohibited act occurs. In this case, only the practice was prohibited and has no effect on accuracy. In Iran, due to the silence of the laws associated with the donation of gametes, according to Article 167 of the constitution, we can refer to emulation fatwa. In Egypt and other Sunni countries due to the generation mix, egg donation is prohibited, as Anas ibn Malik in consensus based law and IBN TIMIYEH have known this practice as prohibited act. Some infertile couples with this notion that it is possible for them to be replaced by another person's gametes, they do not even use conventional treatments such as IVF. Conclusion: Medical science and religion are two important and main factors in couple's decision for the use of new reproductive technologies. Egg donation is presented as an alternative solution for fertilization. According to some Shia marjas, egg donation is permitted, While Sunni prohibited egg donation because of generational intermixture. So, the correct information on treatment procedures, laws, religious orders and related religious beliefs increase couples awareness for making decision.


Related Articles

  • The study of legal challenges of gamete and embryo donation in Iranian comprehensive health system. Nateghi, M. H.; Golestan, F. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p94 

    Introduction:Gamete and embryo donation is a method for treatments of couples who are not able in producing healthy embryos. Beside permission or prohibition, this method has legal effects and consequences which contemporary fuqaha disagree with. Gamete and embryo donation, and also their...

  • Islam and other religions' views regarding assisted reproductive technologies. Kargar, M.; Ramezanli, S. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p60 

    Introduction: It is important that Physicians and other researchers who study fertility, infertility, and their related technologies know religious views concerning these topics. Materials and Methods: This article reviewed the most recent internet and library resources to collect the data...

  • Sex selection in Islamic view. Dezhkam, L.; Dezhkam, H.; Dezhkam, I. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p54 

    Introduction: Today, there are three ways for selecting the fetus sex before implantation. Two of these methods are scientifically proved and used in fertility and infertility centers. Two types of these methods are pre-implantation methods (PGD and Ericsson method) used for social sex...

  • The status and role of 'sharia tendency' in fertility fiqh. Modaber, M. H. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p44 

    Introduction:Quadruplet arguments (Quran,Tradition, Consensus and intellect) are conventional, recognized ways to find God's legislative will and extract religious commandments. But faqihsat times coin neologisms like 'the ruler'stendency', 'shariatendency', ʽreligious tendency', or 'fiqh...

  • Embryo Donation in Iranian Legal System: A Critical Review. Behjati-Ardakani, Zohreh; Karoubi, Mohammad Taghi; Milanifar, Alireza; Masrouri, Roudabeh; Akhondil, Mohammad Mehdi // Journal of Reproduction & Infertility;Jul-Sep2015, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p130 

    Recent developments and newly-discovered methods for infertility treatment including in vitro fertilization and third party reproduction raise many questions and challenges with different ethical, legal, sociological and psychological dimensions. In Islamic countries, despite great developments...

  • Review of faqihs' view on methods of contraception. Naqvi, S. N. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p50 

    Islam and its prophet recommend followers to increase reproduction. Yet, in some cases mothers should undertake contraception at faqihs' and family planning experts' discretion when there are economic and social dire straits or mothers are possibly hurt by conception,s. There are different...

  • Juridical analysis of contraception hukm. Zaboli, M. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p96 

    Introduction: Since Islamic jurisprudence could answer all events and issues proposed in medical field which are complicated, decision making in fiqh should consider all aspects, since factors that affect hukms are numerous; each contraception method has its own complication so, getting familiar...

  • Commandments issued by Shia marjas regarding vasectomy, tubectomy,and permanent sterilization. Rezaei, F.; Rezaei, S. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p71 

    Introduction: Vasectomyandtubectomy are two methods used in family planning which maybepermanent ortemporary. The vasa deferentia of a man are severed, and then tied/sealed in a manner such to prevent sperm from entering into the seminal stream in vasectomy. In tubectomy, women's fallopian tubes...

  • A review of ethical issues involved in fertility treatments in different religious frameworks: cases in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Hemayatkhah, M.; Hemayatkhah, Z.; Jahromi Farahi, E. // Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p65 

    Introduction: Numerous ethical questions have been raised by the rapid development of infertility treatments in recent years. These developments have been challenging, particularly in their religious contexts. The present article tends to review the ethical problems of modern fertility...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics