TITLE

Shia and sunni attitudes toward egg donation

AUTHOR(S)
ArabsalehiNasrabadi, S.
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p81
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Infertility is defined as an inability to conceive after one year of regular unprotected sex. Egg donation has provided a possibility for infertility treatment in many infertile couples who have been deprived of children. Religion is associated with infertility in various aspects such as legitimacy of certain treatment or providing a moral philosophy about infertile couples. Materials and Methods: Present research was done through library research, the Quran, Islamic books and articles. Results: In Muslim countries, religion has a great impact on the choice of treatment and infertile couples try to access those technologies according to their religious instructions. From late 1990, controversy between Islamic sects (Sunnis and Shias) about egg donation has emerged. Many of the Shia jurists have permitted the donation of gametes. Generally, this principle has legal sanctity unless in the application of this method, some prohibited act occurs. In this case, only the practice was prohibited and has no effect on accuracy. In Iran, due to the silence of the laws associated with the donation of gametes, according to Article 167 of the constitution, we can refer to emulation fatwa. In Egypt and other Sunni countries due to the generation mix, egg donation is prohibited, as Anas ibn Malik in consensus based law and IBN TIMIYEH have known this practice as prohibited act. Some infertile couples with this notion that it is possible for them to be replaced by another person's gametes, they do not even use conventional treatments such as IVF. Conclusion: Medical science and religion are two important and main factors in couple's decision for the use of new reproductive technologies. Egg donation is presented as an alternative solution for fertilization. According to some Shia marjas, egg donation is permitted, While Sunni prohibited egg donation because of generational intermixture. So, the correct information on treatment procedures, laws, religious orders and related religious beliefs increase couples awareness for making decision.
ACCESSION #
99118863

 

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