Gamete and embryo donation in Iran

Ramezanli, S.; Kargar, M.
January 2014
Journal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences;1/15/2014, Vol. 11, p58
Academic Journal
Introduction: 15-20percentofIranian couplesareinfertile on average. In recent yearsgreat improvementsinassisted reproductivetechniqueshave been carried outin our country. The aim of the presentstudywas to present a survey of gamete and fetus donations in Iran. Materials and Methods:This article reviewed the most recent internet and library resources to collect the data related to the subject. Results: State population policies won the United Nations award for successes in family planning programs in 1988. These policies not only reduced the population, but also helped infertile couples take vital steps.Religion and the subsequent Islamic views are particularly important for people who seek infertility treatment in Iran. It should be mentioned that in recent decades, scientific progresses in the field of medical sciences have substantially stressed medical ethics. Third-party reproduction is one of the new treatment methods has required fatwasin order to be included in Islamic religious frames. Fortunately, Iranian religious authorities have received new scientific discoveries openly. Fatwas issued so far has paved the ground forlegislating inthis filed; the congress ratified the act of embryo donation to infertile womenin July 2003. The cabinet received executive regulations for this act in March 2004. According to these regulations, donors should have legalized marriage bond, acquire normal physical and mental health, possess good IQ, have no addiction to psychotropic or addictive substances and have no incurable disease (like AIDS, or hepatitis). The donors‘ and recipients‘ information are kept confidential, and documents related to the donors or recipients are only disclosed by court decision. The Recipients‘ eligibility should be confirmed by a righteous court and affairs concerning embryo donation are processed quickly outside the formal timetables set for civil litigation. The court decision which underlies rights, tasks, consent, etc. assumes public order and justice and possesses validity in all legal systems. Programs for sieving and giving consultation to donors and receivers are mainly based on the health and well-being of the newborn baby. Conclusion: Due to the novelty of gamete and embryo and the present legislations in our country, further studies should be dedicated to ethical issues in addition to the medical andlegalissues


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