Noreen, Atia; Chaudary, Mamoona; Rashid, Hamad Bin; Mushtaq, Hassan; Ahmed, Mansur-ud-din; Gill, Shakira Sadiq
July 2014
Science International;Jul/Aug2014, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p1145
Academic Journal
Background: Despite their seriousness as a medical event, needle stick injuries have been neglected: most go unreported The needle sticks have been recognized as occupational hazards, their prevention has become the subject of regulations in an effort to reduce and eliminate this preventable event. Methods: An observational study was conducted at a government hospital, Lahore, Pakistan from 15th February 2012 to 15th April 2012. Surgeons, nurses and operation theatre assistants (OTAs) working in different operation theatres were included as participants in the study. Demographic data, most frequent sharp injury and awareness about occupational health and safety were recorded on a predesigned questionnaire. It comprised of 13 questions in which 5 were related to demographic data of respondents, 4 were related to the experience of sharp injury and 2 questions were related to the awareness about the management protocol. The questionnaire was distributed in four operation theatres of government hospital Lahore, i.e. Emergency operation theatre, General operation theatre, Gynae operation theatre & Orthopaedic operation theatre. Results: Data was collected from 70 Operation theatre personnels (OTPs) including 30 males and 40 females. The most common sharp injury was needle stick injury (57%). The rate of sharp injury was high in Emergency operation theatre. The awareness amongst Operation theatre assistants was much lower in all the operation theatres. Most respondents replaced the gloves after sharp injury (60%).The Operation theatre personnels of General operation theatre replace both gloves and the instrument (13%). Conclusion: The needle stick injury is still a common problem and remain significantly under-reported. The major cause of sharp injury in operation theatre is needle. There is a need to organise seminars or conduct workshops for the awareness about universal precautions for the use of sharp instruments in the operation theatre and occupational health and safety.


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