Nuclear Energy and Environmental Sustainability: Issues and Challenges

Singh, Harinder
September 2013
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research;2013, Vol. 8 Issue 18, p2101
Academic Journal
Nuclear Energy is the use of 'Exothermic Nuclear Processes' to generate useful heat and electricity in India. This term 'exothermic reaction' includes both nuclear fission and nuclear decay of radioactive materials such as Uranium U-235 and U-238, Radium (Ra+), Rubidium (Rub+), Thorium (Th-), Krypton (k+), Polonium (Po-) etc. Due to easily availability of Thorium and Uranium in India, these are the main sources for Fuel cycles, which is to be used in the Nuclear Power Plants. Due to rapid growth of Population, Industrialisation and Globalisation the need of electricity increased day by day, but all the sources are insufficient to produce the electricity. Nuclear Power is the main source to generate the electricity in developing and developed countries, but this process is very dangerous. The area of the Nuclear Energy Sector and Nuclear Law is large, very complex and it is more complicated with study of Nuclear Power Plants in India. Under the Nuclear Energy Sector so many problems relating to Nuclear Power Plants like Radioactive Waste Disposal Problems, Radiation Problems of Nuclear Material, Transportation Problems, Environmental Problems, Land, Water and Air problems, delay and decay of Nuclear Waste Material in India. Hence, due to above reasons there is a big need in of sustainable development in Nuclear Energy Sector in India for protection of Environment, person and Property.


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