Shimotomai Hideyuki
May 2014
Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku;may2014, Vol. 80 Issue 1, p15
Academic Journal
This study analyzes the national conference on immigration held by the National Industrial Conference Board (NICB), the leading employers' association in the United States. The conference was convened ahead of the enactment of the Immigration Act of 1924, which is considered a landmark in the history of U.S. immigration policy because of its establishment of restrictions on immigration. Research by the NICB shows that the essential question was weaknesses of the U.S. immigration administration, especially insufficient collaboration between the Bureau of Immigration of the Department of Labor and the Consular Service of the Department of State. The National Immigration Conference planned to propose some administrative changes to the Federal immigration policy at the time the U.S. Congress was planning to introduce full-scale immigration restrictions. The conference was attended by various employers' associations, labor organizations, civil society associations, and government officials. The resolution adopted by the NICB was not limited to business interests but involved official influence in congressional hearings. The NICB finally opted to ask for an improvement in immigrant selection, thus establishing the "consular control system" that was eventually embodied in the Immigration Act of 1924.


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