TITLE

Autophagy Activation Contributes to the Neuroprotection of Remote Ischemic Perconditioning Against Focal Cerebral Ischemia in Rats

AUTHOR(S)
Su, Jingyuan; Zhang, Tingting; Wang, Kanwen; Zhu, Tingzhun; Li, Xiaoming
PUB. DATE
November 2014
SOURCE
Neurochemical Research;Nov2014, Vol. 39 Issue 11, p2068
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Remote ischemic perconditioning (RIPer) has been proved to provide potent cardioprotection. However, there are few studies on neuroprotection of RIPer. This study aims to clarify the neuroprotective effect of RIPer and the role of autophagy induced by RIPer against cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats. Using a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in rats to imitate focal cerebral ischemia. RIPer was carried out 4 cycles of 10 min ischemia and 10 min reperfusion, with a thin elastic band tourniquet encircled on the bilateral femoral arteries at the start of 10 min after MCAO. Autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and autophagy inducer rapamycin were administered respectively to determine the contribution of autophagy in RIPer. Neurologic deficit scores, infarct volume, brain edema, Nissl staining, TUNEL assay, immunohistochemistry and western blot was performed to analyze the neuroprotection of RIPer and the contribution of autophagy in RIPer. RIPer significantly exerted neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury in rats, and the autophagy-lysosome pathway was activated by RIPer treatment. 3-MA reversed the neuroprotective effects induced by RIPer, whereas rapamycin ameliorated the brain ischemic injury. Autophagy activation contributes to the neuroprotection by RIPer against focal cerebral ischemia in rats.
ACCESSION #
98675748

 

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