Catapusan, Benicio T.
July 1957
Philippine Sociological Review;Jul-Oct57, Vol. 5 Issue 3/4, p53
Academic Journal
This article focuses on the development of sociology in the Philippines. It examines early and contemporary sociological offerings in colleges and universities. It provides an interpretation of the emphasis given to sociology since 1899. The first course in Sociology was recorded in the University of Philippines. A few years later, a section devoted to Sociology was organized under the department of Anthropology. This arrangement continued until 1946. By 1919, the interest in Sociology had spread to the Visayan Islands but the textbooks used throughout the archipelago were of Occidental origin. These textbooks met the immediate needs of the time due to lack of local materials on the subject. The importance of Sociology to national planning was first noted in 1951, when the Homemakers and Mother's Cooperative Inc. was formed. The emphasis on Sociology and Social Work continued to be recognized with the founding of the Philippine School of Social Work. The development of Sociology in the Philippines is marked by four distinct stages of development, namely: 1. The stage where considerable effort was made in defining and determining the field of Sociology. 2. The period of considerable specialization in subject matter. Sociological principles were being employed as means of understanding local social conditions. 3. The stage when the problems of teaching Sociology were met with all available techniques, although greater emphasis was still needed in the discovery and analysis of social data; and on the developing, refining and perfecting of new methods of sociological investigation. Thus, the search for solutions to all these may give rise to the fourth phase of sociological development, namely; 4. The stage of research, experimental and dynamic Sociology. A fifth stage should be devoted to the formulation of sound social philosophical thinking which will serve as the basis of future planning, a condition quite necessary in nation-building.


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