NOX4 Mediates BMP4-Induced Upregulation of TRPC1 and 6 Protein Expressions in Distal Pulmonary Arterial Smooth Muscle Cells

Jiang, Qian; Fu, Xin; Tian, Lichun; Chen, Yuqin; Yang, Kai; Chen, Xiuqing; Zhang, Jie; Lu, Wenju; Wang, Jian
September 2014
PLoS ONE;Sep2014, Vol. 9 Issue 9, p1
Academic Journal
Rationale: Our previous studies demonstrated that bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) mediated, elevated expression of canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) largely accounts for the enhanced proliferation in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). In the present study, we sought to determine the signaling pathway through which BMP4 up-regulates TRPC expression. Methods: We employed recombinant human BMP4 (rhBMP4) to determine the effects of BMP4 on NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in rat distal PASMCs. We also designed small interfering RNA targeting NOX4 (siNOX4) and detected whether NOX4 knockdown affects rhBMP4-induced ROS, TRPC1 and 6 expression, cell proliferation and intracellular Ca2+ determination in PASMCs. Results: In rhBMP4 treated rat distal PASMCs, NOX4 expression was (226.73±11.13) %, and the mean ROS level was (123.65±1.62) % of that in untreated control cell. siNOX4 transfection significantly reduced rhBMP4-induced elevation of the mean ROS level in PASMCs. Moreover, siNOX4 transfection markedly reduced rhBMP4-induced elevation of TRPC1 and 6 proteins, basal [Ca2+]i and SOCE. Furthermore, compared with control group (0.21±0.001), the proliferation of rhBMP4 treated cells was significantly enhanced (0.41±0.001) (P<0.01). However, such increase was attenuated by knockdown of NOX4. Moreover, external ROS (H2O2 100 µM, 24 h) rescued the effects of NOX4 knockdown, which included the declining of TRPC1 and 6 expression, basal intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and store-operated calcium entry (SOCE), suggesting that NOX4 plays as an important mediator in BMP4-induced proliferation and intracellular calcium homeostasis. Conclusion: These results suggest that BMP4 may increase ROS level, enhance TRPC1 and 6 expression and proliferation by up-regulating NOX4 expression in PASMCs.


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