Compositional modulation in AlxGa1-xAs epilayers grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the (111) facets of grooves in a nonplanar substrate

Hoenk, Michael E.; Nieh, C. W.; Chen, Howard Z.; Vahala, Kerry J.
July 1989
Applied Physics Letters;7/3/1989, Vol. 55 Issue 1, p53
Academic Journal
We report the first observation of a lateral junction formed in an alloy due to an abrupt transition from segregated to random AlGaAs alloy compositions. Al0.25Ga0.75As epilayers were grown by molecular beam epitaxy on [011] oriented grooves in a nonplanar (100) GaAs substrate. A quasi-periodic modulation of the aluminum concentration occurs spontaneously in material grown on the (111) facets of the groove, with a period of 50–70 Å along the [111] direction. The compositional modulation is associated with a reduction of the band gap by 130 meV, with respect to the random alloy. While segregation of the AlGaAs alloy has been seen previously, this is the first observation of segregation of AlGaAs grown on a (111) surface. The compositional modulation terminates abruptly at the boundaries of the (111) facet, forming abrupt lateral junctions in the AlGaAs layers grown on a groove.


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