Optimization and fabrication of grating beamsplitters in silicon nitride

Taghizadeh, M. R.; Wilson, J. I. B.; Turunen, J.; Vasara, A.; Westerholm, J.
April 1989
Applied Physics Letters;4/17/1989, Vol. 54 Issue 16, p1492
Academic Journal
We report for the first time the generation of optimized space-invariant fan-out elements, so-called Dammann gratings [H. Dammann and K. Görtler, Opt. Commun. 3, 312 (1971)] in plasma silicon nitride. Diffraction efficiencies as high as 65% have been achieved. Using simulated annealing and the greedy algorithm, grating structures with fan-out as large as 201×201 can readily be calculated. Low absorption and high optical quality together with its ease of structuring make silicon nitride an ideal medium for the construction of phase-only optical elements.


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