TITLE

Room-temperature exciton optical absorption peaks in InGaAsP/InP multiple quantum wells

AUTHOR(S)
Sugawara, M.; Fujii, T.; Yamazaki, S.; Nakajima, K.
PUB. DATE
April 1989
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;4/3/1989, Vol. 54 Issue 14, p1353
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We grew In1-xGaxAsyP1-y/InP quantum wells (QWs) by low-pressure metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy. The In1-xGaxAsyP1-y layer was closely lattice matched to InP with a composition of y=0.9 (x=0.47y). We investigated structural imperfections such as composition fluctuations, interface roughness, and nonperiodicity analyzing the low-temperature photoluminescence linewidth. We found that the InGaAsP layer composition fluctuated, causing about 5 meV inhomogeneity in the exciton energy level in QWs wider than about 3 nm. Since we obtained very smooth interfaces with less than one monolayer of fluctuation and excellent periodicity by lowering growth temperature to 570 °C, the inhomogeneity of the exciton energy level could be held at 6 meV for 20-period 10-nm multiple QWs. As a result, despite composition fluctuations, a clear room-temperature exciton optical absorption peak was observed at 1.5 μm for the first time to our knowledge.
ACCESSION #
9830627

 

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