Epitaxial films of YBa2Cu3O7-δ on NdGaO3, LaGaO3, and SrTiO3 substrates deposited by laser ablation

Koren, G.; Gupta, A.; Giess, E. A.; Segmüller, A.; Laibowitz, R. B.
March 1989
Applied Physics Letters;3/13/1989, Vol. 54 Issue 11, p1054
Academic Journal
Frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser (532 nm) pulses of 1.7 J/cm2 and 10 ns duration were used to deposit thin films of YBa2 Cu3 O7-δ by laser ablation on NdGaO3 , LaGaO3, and SrTiO3 substrates held at 725±5 °C in 0.2 Torr of O2 ambient. Electrical resistivities versus temperature of all films show normal metallic behavior and sharp superconducting transitions with Tc (R=0) at 92–93 K. Critical current densities in 0.3–0.6 μm thick, 200 μm long, and 10–30 μm wide strips were measured to be 106 A/cm2 at 60, 77, and 80 K in the films on LaGaO3, NdGaO3, and SrTiO3, respectively. X-ray diffraction patterns show that all films grew epitaxially, with domains of only two crystalline orientations rotated 90° with respect to each other in the a-b plane (consistent with twins), and the c axis perpendicular to the substrates. The closely matched lattice constants of the film and substrates (0.8–2.1%) result in epitaxial growth of the films.


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