Cooperative growth phenomena in silicon/germanium low-temperature epitaxy

Meyerson, Bernard S.; Uram, Kevin J.; LeGoues, Francoise K.
December 1988
Applied Physics Letters;12/19/1988, Vol. 53 Issue 25, p2555
Academic Journal
A series of Si:Ge alloys and structures has been prepared by ultrahigh-vacuum chemical vapor deposition. Alloys of composition 0≤Ge/Si≤0.20 are readily deposited at T=550 °C. Commensurate, defect-free strained layers are deposited up to a critical thickness, whereupon the accumulated stress in the films is accommodated by the formation of dislocation networks in the substrate wafers. A cooperative growth phenomenon is observed where the addition of 10% germane to the gaseous deposition source accelerates silane’s heterogeneous reaction rate by a factor of 25. A model is proposed where Ge acts as a desorption center for mobile hydrogen adatoms on the Si[100] surface, accelerating heterogeneous silane pyrolysis by the enhanced availability of chemisorption sites.


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