Growth of the superconducting phase in ceramic Y1.2Ba0.8CuOy samples

Wördenweber, R.; Krebs, H. U.; Gelsdorf, F.; Heinemann, K.; Sastry, G. V. S.; Freyhardt, H. C.; Winzer, K.
January 1988
Applied Physics Letters;1/25/1988, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p317
Academic Journal
Differently prepared samples with the nominal composition Y1.2Ba0.8CuOy are examined via microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray analysis, x-ray diffraction, and measurements of resistivity and susceptibility. Various phases are identified directly. Essentially these are Y2BaCuO5, which forms a matrix with semiconducting and antiferromagnetic properties and YBa2Cu3O7-x, which is present in a dendritic morphology. The dendritic appearance indicates that YBa2Cu3O7-x is formed by nucleation and growth during sintering. Despite the particular growth mechanism of sintered materials a strong analogy exists with dendritic growth during solid-state transformations in metallic alloys.


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