Assessment of the surface-photovoltage diffusion-length measurement

McElheny, P. J.; Arch, J. K.; Fonash, S. J.
November 1987
Applied Physics Letters;11/16/1987, Vol. 51 Issue 20, p1611
Academic Journal
We undertake a reevaluation of the surface-photovoltage diffusion-length experiment, numerically solving the governing equations without any prior assumptions. We find that, although the technique is applicable for crystalline semiconductors, it does not measure, in general, a simple diffusion length LD=(kTμτ)1/2 for amorphous materials. It is demonstrated that this failure is attributable to the localized gap states inherent in amorphous semiconductors. The presence of localized gap states results in drift and diffusion terms of comparable magnitude and, hence, results in the inability to simply measure the (μτ)1/2 product. We also demonstrate that using thicker samples does not, in general, alleviate this problem.


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