Dynamic sensitivity and thermal noise analysis of a magnetoelastic amorphous metal low-frequency magnetometer

Mermelstein, M. D.; Dandridge, A.
November 1987
Applied Physics Letters;11/16/1987, Vol. 51 Issue 20, p1640
Academic Journal
The ferromagnetic susceptibility of a magnetoelastic amorphous metal ribbon is determined from the coupled equations of motion for the magnetization and strain modes. This analysis is used to calculate the dynamic sensitivity and field equivalent noise floor of a metallic glass low-frequency magnetometer. Two principal noise sources are considered: the thermally induced magnetization fluctuations and the Johnson noise of the pick-up coil. The magnetometer exhibits a calculated minimum detectable field of ∼0.1 pT/(Hz)1/2 for room temperature operation at a resonance frequency of 22 kHz and 103 turn pick-up coil having a 200-Ω resistance. The fundamental material limit is estimated to be ∼5 fT/(Hz)1/2.


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