TITLE

Elastic wave attenuation in rocks containing fluids

AUTHOR(S)
Berryman, James G.
PUB. DATE
September 1986
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;9/8/1986, Vol. 49 Issue 10, p552
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The low-frequency limit of Biot’s theory of fluid-saturated porous media predicts that the coefficients for viscous attenuation of shear waves and of the fast compressional wave are proportional to the fluid permeability. Although the observed attenuation is generally in qualitative agreement with the theory, the magnitude of the observed attenuation coefficient in rocks is often more than an order of magnitude higher than expected. This apparent dilemma can be resolved without invoking other attenuation mechanisms if the intrinsic permeability of the rock is inhomogeneous and varies widely in magnitude. A simple calculation of the overall behavior of a layered porous material using local-flow Biot theory shows that the effective permeability for attenuation is the mean of the constituent permeabilities while the effective permeability for fluid flow is the harmonic mean. When the range of variation in the local permeability is one or more orders of magnitude, this difference in averaging method can easily explain some of the observed discrepancies.
ACCESSION #
9820723

 

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