Formation of amorphous alloys by the mechanical alloying of crystalline powders of pure metals and powders of intermetallics

Schwarz, Ricardo B.; Koch, Carl C.
July 1986
Applied Physics Letters;7/21/1986, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p146
Academic Journal
Amorphous powders of Ni32Ti68 and of Ni45Nb55 were synthesized by mechanical alloying (MA) starting from either a mixture of pure metal powders (in the appropriate molar ratio) or from powders of the crystalline intermetallics NiTi2 and Ni45Nb55, respectively. For both alloys, the peak temperature increase (above the average processing temperature) in the powder particles trapped between colliding balls is estimated at 38 K. Thus, the amorphization is attributed to a process other than the formation of local melts followed by the rapid solidification of these melts into the amorphous phase. The amorphization by MA starting from a mixture of pure crystalline powders is attributed to a solid state interdiffusion reaction, the kinetics of which is controlled by the excess point and lattice defects generated by plastic deformation. The amorphization by MA starting from powders of crystalline intermetallics is attributed to the accumulation of point and lattice defects which raise the free energy of the faulted intermetallic above that of the amorphous alloy.


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